• Gastroenterostomy as part of the palliation of unresectable cancer of the head of the pancreas, in the absence of gastric outlet obstruction at the time of surgery, has been both rejected, and, more recently, advocated for all such patients. A study of 105 cases yielded four factors that correlated with the subsequent occurrence of gastric outlet obstruction: age, 60 years or younger; hemoglobin level, 11.5 g/dL or less; absence of liver metastases; and survival, three months or longer. A fifth factor, absence of clinical jaundice, may be an indicator of a poor prognosis with a small risk of obstruction. By combining factors, we identified a group with a risk of obstruction of at least 25% (those with two or more factors) and one with negligible risk.
(Arch Surg 1983;118:550-553)
Meinke WB, Twomey PL, Guernsey JM, Frey CF, Higgins G, Keehn R. Gastric Outlet Obstruction After Palliative Surgery for Cancer of Head of Pancreas. Arch Surg. 1983;118(5):550-553. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1983.01390050034006