July 1984

Gastric Outlet and Duodenal Obstruction From Inflammatory Pancreatic Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill (Drs Aranha, Prinz, Greenlee, and Freeark), and the Surgical Service, Veterans Administration Hospital, Hines, Ill (Drs Aranha, Prinz, and Greenlee).

Arch Surg. 1984;119(7):833-835. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1984.01390190071016

• During a ten-year period, 16 patients with gastric outlet and duodenal obstruction due to inflammatory pancreatic disease were seen. The cause of obstruction was chronic pancreatitis in ten patients, pseudocysts with associated pancreatitis in five patients, and pancreatic abscess in one patient. All patients had nausea and vomiting, 14 had abdominal pain, and five had weight loss greater than 4.5 kg. Diagnosis was made by plain abdominal film in one case, upper gastrointestinal tract roentgenographic series in 15 cases, and endoscopy in 11 cases. Mobilization of the duodenum relieved the obstruction in two patients. Fixed obstruction remained in 14 patients. This was relieved by gastrojejunostomy in 12 patients. Gastrojejunostomy was combined with drainage of a pseudocyst in three patients, a dilated pancreatic duct in three patients, and a dilated common bile duct in four patients. Obstruction was relieved by pseudocyst drainage in two patients. Associated common duct and pancreatic duct obstruction must be identified preoperatively.

(Arch Surg 1984;119:833-835)