March 1985

Combined Pancreatic Duct and Upper Gastrointestinal and Biliary Tract Drainage in Chronic Pancreatitis

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, and the Surgical Service, Hines Veterans Administration Hospital, Maywood, Ill.

Arch Surg. 1985;120(3):361-366. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1985.01390270099017

• In 55 patients undergoing pancreaticojejunostomy for intractable abdominal pain, common bile duct obstruction occurred in 29% (16/55) and duodenal obstruction occurred in 15% (8/55). Serum alkaline phosphatase and total and direct serum bilirubin levels were significantly higher in patients with intrapancreatic common bile duct stenosis. Transient upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract obstruction was common with chronic pancreatitis; however, if symptoms persisted beyond 2 weeks, fixed duodenal obstruction was likely. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and UGI roentgenograms and endoscopy were useful in confirming mechanical obstruction to the biliary and UGI tracts, respectively. There was no difference in operative mortality and morbidity from combined drainage procedures compared with pancreaticojejunostomy alone. The biliary and UGI tracts should be investigated in symptomatic patients both before and after pancreaticojejunostomy. Combined drainage of the pancreatic duct and UGI and biliary tract is safe and effective treatment for obstructing complications of chronic pancreatitis.

(Arch Surg 1985;120:361-366)