May 1986

Effect of Fresh-Frozen Plasma Resuscitation on Cardiopulmonary Function and Serum Protein Flux

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Surgery (Drs Lucas, Martin, Ledgerwood, McGonigal, and Sardesai) and Pathology (Drs Hoschner and Kithier), Wayne State University, Detroit.

Arch Surg. 1986;121(5):559-564. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1986.01400050077010

• The adverse effects of albumin resuscitation on coagulation activity, cardiopulmonary function, and extravascular flux of nonalbumin protein have made fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) an attractive alternate volume expander for hemorrhagic shock. This study addresses the effects of FFP on cardiopulmonary hemodynamics and protein flux. Whole blood was collected three and six weeks before shock, separated into red blood cells (PRBCs) and FFP, and stored. In 24 conditioned splenectomized dogs, resuscitation from reservoir shock of two hours' duration consisted of autologous PRBCs and balanced electrolyte solution (BES) in control dogs and PRBCs, BES, and FFP in plasma-treated dogs. Hemorrhagic shock reduced serum albumin and IgG levels in both groups. Resuscitation with FFP led to a higher cardiac output, left ventricular stroke work (LVSW), and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). The PCWP/LVSW ratio was comparable for both groups. Postshock day 2 serum albumin and IgG levels and lymphatic albumin and IgG concentrations were increased in plasma dogs. Therefore, FFP supplement to PRBC and BES resuscitation does not derange the PCWP/LVSW ratio or reduce intravascular nonalbumin proteins.

(Arch Surg 1986;121:559-564)