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Flexible fiberoptic endoscopy has impacted virtually all aspects of surgical practice. Formerly, endoscopy was a diagnostic procedure used in conjunction with standard radiologic techniques. Flexible endoscopy has now assumed a therapeutic role that often obviates the need for operation. Endoscopic gastrostomy, common duct stone removal, volvulus reduction, and decompression of pseudo-obstruction of the colon are but a few examples of the ongoing conversion from operations to endoscopic procedures.
Surgical Endoscopy is a collection of presentations from a postgraduate symposium on surgical endoscopy held in Ann Arbor, Mich, in May 1985. Edited by three preeminent surgical endoscopists, with 56 contributors, it provides an in-depth review of current fiberoptic endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract, biliary tree, and other systems, including bronchoscopy, arthroscopy, and laparoscopy. A short section on the teaching, cost, and practice of endoscopy concludes the text. Chapters on various endoscopic procedures include thorough descriptions of indications, techniques, complications, and each
STIEGMANN GV. Surgical Endoscopy. Arch Surg. 1986;121(7):857. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1986.01400070127037