June 1987

The Effect of Preoperative Internal and External Biliary Drainage on Mortality of Jaundiced Rats

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical School, Houston. Dr Gouma is now with the Department of Surgery, St Annadal Hospital, University of Limburg, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Arch Surg. 1987;122(6):731-734. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1987.01400180113022

• Mortality following abdominal infection induced by cecal ligation and puncture was studied in rats with obstructive jaundice and after relief of the obstruction by preoperative internal or external biliary drainage. Four groups of adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used: (1) common bile duct ligation (BDL), (2) BDL followed by internal drainage after two weeks, (3) BDL followed by external drainage after two weeks, and (4) sham operation. The serum bilirubin concentration was significantly increased in the BDL group and returned to normal following internal and external drainage. Mortality in the sham group was 16.5% and increased to 83.3% following BDL, but it decreased significantly (25%) to near-normal values after preoperative internal drainage. However, after external drainage no significant reduction in mortality (63%) was found. These findings confirm the poor results of preoperative external drainage in previous studies and establish the efficacy of internal biliary drainage in a well-controlled experimental model that has to be evaluated in the clinical situation.

(Arch Surg 1987;122:731-734)