• Fourteen patients with a history of colonic cancer were evaluated for metastatic disease and were thought to have unresectable disease confined to the liver. Exploratory surgery revealed that two patients had extensive extrahepatic disease, and the procedure was terminated. In 12 patients, closed-end needles (diameter, 2.1 mm) were introduced into each nodule and connected to a 370-MBq (10-Ci) aferloading iridium source. Radiation doses were dependent on nodule size, providing minimum doses of 20 Gy (2000 rad) to the lesion's periphery with rapid radiation falloff avoiding toxic effects to adjacent normal tissue. The maximum number of nodules treated in one patient was 11. The largest nodule treated measured 9 × 6.5 × 6 cm. Cholecystectomy in four patients allowed precise implantation and obviated biliary fistula. Preoperative computed tomography underestimated the number of hepatic metastases in all cases but one, and treatment-induced computed tomographic alterations further limited its utility. Radiation treatment was well tolerated, and the median hospitalization was eight days. Of ten patients whose preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen values exceeded 10 ng/dL, the values in six patients decreased postoperatively.
(Arch Surg 1987;122:1392-1395)
Nauta RJ, Heres EK, Thomas DS, Harter KW, Rodgers JE, Holt RW, Lee TC, Walsh DB, Dritschilo A. Intraoperative Single-Dose RadiotherapyObservations on Staging and Interstitial Treatment of Unresectable Liver Metastases. Arch Surg. 1987;122(12):1392-1395. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1987.01400240038006