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Article
June 1988

Moxalactam vs Tobramycin-ClindamycinA Randomized Trial in Secondary Peritonitis

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University. Dr Danziger is now with the University of Illinois, Chicago; Dr Hau is now with St Willehad Hospital, Wilhelmshaven, West Germany.

Arch Surg. 1988;123(6):714-717. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1988.01400300060009
Abstract

• One hundred five patients with peritonitis were randomized to receive either tobramycin sulfate plus clindamycin phosphate or moxalactam alone before surgical intervention. Fifty-nine patients were evaluable. A mean of 3.1 (moxalactam) and 3.5 (tobramycin-clindamycin) pathogens per patient were identified. Overall success rate was 85% (tobramycinclindamycin, 24/30; moxalactam, 26/29). When patients with appendicitis were excluded, there was an observed but not statistically significant advantage of moxalactam over tobramycin-clindamycin (85% vs 67%). There were five deaths (tobramycin-clindamycin, four; moxalactam, one). Other complications included hypoprothrombinemia (tobramycin-clindamycin, five; moxalactam, five), renal dysfunction (tobramycin-clindamycin, three; moxalactam, one), and superinfection (tobramycin-clindamycin, nine; moxalactam, six). More wound infections were noted in the group given tobramycin-clindamycin. These data suggest that moxalactam is as safe and efficacious as tobramycin plus clindamycin. The observed benefits of this agent warrant study in a larger sample to verify advantages of moxalactam over combination therapy.

(Arch Surg 1988;123:714-717)

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