September 1988

The Risk of Splenorrhaphy

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento.

Arch Surg. 1988;123(9):1158-1163. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1988.01400330138021

• The main reason for splenorrhaphy is to prevent the occurrence of overwhelming postsplenectomy sepsis. This fear of postsplenectomy sepsis has led to an enthusiasm for splenic salvage to the extent that it may be felt that the Injured spleen must be saved at all costs. However, if that is valid, the complications that result from splenic salvage must not exceed the risk incurred by loss of this organ. To assess this, 119 splenic injuries treated by splenorrhaphy were reviewed. These were major splenic injuries that were actively hemorrhaging at laparotomy and, therefore, required specific operative intervention for hemostasis. There were 14 complications in 11 patients (11.8%) directly attributed to the splenorrhaphy. In one patient, the repaired spleen rebled 17 days postoperatively, necessitating splenectomy. Ten patients had persistent or recurrent bleeding, requiring blood transfusions. Three of these underwent reexploration for additional hemostasis. Blood transfusion in association with splenorrhaphy has not previously been considered a complication. However, the literature clearly documents that the risk of blood transfusion heavily outweighs the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis. Therefore, if blood transfusion becomes a necessary adjunct for successful splenorrhaphy, then splenectomy without transfusion is the safer treatment.

(Arch Surg 1988;123:000-000)