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Article
March 1989

Liver Transplantation: Clio Chirurgica

Arch Surg. 1989;124(3):390-391. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1989.01410030140028

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Abstract

Carlyle believed that unique individuals are of prime importance in shaping the course of human history. It was a theory of history much in vogue during the Victorian era but was superseded by an emphasis on economic and political power as determinants. Carlyle's thesis is debatable for history in general, but few can doubt the importance of unique individuals in changing the course of surgical history. Carlyle calls the historic leaders "heroes." Starzl, the senior author of this volume, and Roy Calne are, of course, the two heroes who have taken liver transplantation from theory to clinical reality.

Clio was the Greek goddess of history and this book is one of a series of monographs each devoted to the history of some aspect of surgery. It is unique in that the entire history of liver transplantation is concentrated within 25 years.

Starzl and his colleagues provide 41 seminal articles that

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