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Article
March 1990

Isolated Limb Perfusion for Localized Melanoma of the ExtremityA Matched Comparison of Wide Local Excision With Isolated Limb Perfusion and Wide Local Excision Alone

Author Affiliations

From the Department of General Surgery, Division of Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston (Drs Edwards, Boddie, Balch, and McBride), and the Cancer Biostatistics Section, Laurleen B. Wallace Cancer Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham (Dr Soong). Dr Edwards is now with the University of Louisville (Ky) Medical School.

Arch Surg. 1990;125(3):317-321. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1990.01410150039008
Abstract

• The therapeutic efficacy of isolated limb perfusion in patients with localized melanoma of the extremity remains controversial. We compared patients treated at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, with wide local excision and isolated limb perfusion using either melphalan or imidazole carboxamide with a group matched for prognostic factors from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Sydney (Australia) who were treated with wide local excision alone. No significant difference in disease-free or overall survival rates was found between patients treated with wide local excision with adjuvant isolated limb perfusion or wide local excision alone. However, a subset of patients with thicker lesions (>2.0 mm) treated with wide local excision and isolated limb perfusion using melphalan had a significant improvement in both diseasefree and overall survival rates. These data suggest that isolated limb perfusion using melphalan may improve survival rates in selected patients with localized melanoma of the extremity who are at increased risk for local and regional micrometastases, and justifies the continued study of this treatment approach in prospective clinical trials.

(Arch Surg. 1990;125:317-321)

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