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August 1992

Complications Following PancreaticoduodenectomyCurrent Management

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dr Miedema is now with the Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Columbia, Mo.

Arch Surg. 1992;127(8):945-950. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1992.01420080079012

• From 1980 to 1989, 279 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at a single institution with a postoperative mortality of 4%. The aim of this study was to determine incidence, origin, and present management strategy of early complications following this operation. Significant morbidity occurred in 46% of the patients, including delayed gastric emptying (23%), pancreaticojejunal anastomotic leak (17%), intra-abdominal sepsis (10%), biliary-enteric anastomotic leak (9%), gastrointestinal tract bleeding (5%), and intra-abdominal hemorrhage (3%). Complications were associated with advanced age, prolonged operations, and increased operative blood loss. Most complications were managed nonoperatively. Mortality was increased when a reoperation was required, a biliary-enteric leak occurred, or an intra-abdominal abscess developed. Pancreaticoduodenectomy continues to carry a high postoperative morbidity; however, operative mortality is low, and management of complications has been made simpler with more sophisticated, nonoperative therapeutic options.

(Arch Surg. 1992;127:945-950)