• This prospective, open, consecutive, nonrandomized trial examined management techniques and outcome in severe peritonitis. A total of 239 patients with surgical infection in the abdomen and an APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II score greater than 10 were studied. Seventy-seven patients (32%) died. Reoperation had a 42% mortality rate (35 of 83 patients died) compared with a 27% mortality rate (42 of 156 died ) in patients who did not undergo reoperation. Forty-six patients underwent one reoperation; 15, two reoperations; 10, three reoperations; five, four reoperations; and seven, five reoperations, with mortality rates of 43%, 40%, 30%, 40%, and 57%, respectively. There was no significant difference in mortality between patients treated with a "closed-abdomen technique" (31% mortality) and those treated with variations of the "open-abdomen" technique (44% mortality). Logistic regression analysis showed that a high APACHE II score, low serum albumin level, and high New York Heart Association cardiac function status were significantly and independently associated with death. Low serum albumin level, youth, and high APACHE II score were significantly and independently associated with reoperation.
(Arch Surg. 1993;128:193-199)
Christou NV, Barie PS, Dellinger EP, Waymack JP, Stone HH. Surgical Infection Society Intra-abdominal Infection StudyProspective Evaluation of Management Techniques and Outcome. Arch Surg. 1993;128(2):193-199. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420140070011