• The upsurge of endoscopic surgical procedures now includes procedures of the thoracic sympathetic chain. The number of articles on this issue is rapidly increasing. This article reviews the indications for as well as the technique, complications, side effects, and results of endoscopic upper-thoracic sympathetic ablation. Since 1977, nearly 900 cases have been described in the literature. The main indication is usually hyperhidrosis. The described techniques vary in detail, but the common denominators are simplicity, expedience, minimal surgical trauma, few complications, and low cost compared with standard methods of open surgery. The results are excellent, durable, and stand well compared with results of previous open techniques. Due to the overwhelming advantages of endoscopic methods, we can foresee an increasing adoption of these techniques and a subsequent relegation of the various open surgical procedures of the upper-thoracic sympathetic chain.
(Arch Surg. 1993;128:237-241)
Drott C, Göthberg G, Claes G. Endoscopic Procedures of the Upper-Thoracic Sympathetic ChainA Review. Arch Surg. 1993;128(2):237-241. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420140114019