To examine the safety and efficacy of multiple doses of PGG-glucan (poly- [ 1-6]-B-Dglucopyranosyl-[ 1-3]-B-D-glucopyranose) in high-risk patients undergoing major thoracic or abdominal surgery.
An interventional, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.
Four university-affiliated medical centers.
Sixty-seven high-risk patients undergoing major thoracic or abdominal surgery.
Patients were randomized in a 1:1:1:1 ratio to receive saline placebo or PGG-glucan at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg, 0.5 mg/kg, and 1.0 mg/kg or 2.0 mg/kg. One dose was administered before surgery and three doses were administered after surgery.
Main Outcome Measures:
To examine the safety and efficacy of PGG-glucan infusion and to identify potentially important factors for a planned phase III study.
A dose-response trend with regard to infection incidence among patients who received PGG-glucan was observed. Serious infections occurred in four patients who received placebo and in three patients who received PGG-glucan at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg. However, only one patient who received PGG-glucan at a high dose had a serious infection. The incidence and severity of adverse events was comparable in all groups.
PGG-glucan was generally safe and well tolerated, may decrease postoperative infection rates, and warrants further investigation in a planned phase III trial.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:1204-1210)
Babineau TJ, Hackford A, Kenler A, Bistrian B, Forse RA, Fairchild PG, Heard S, Keroack M, Caushaj P, Benotti P. A Phase II Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of Three Dosages of an Immunomodulator (PGG-Glucan) in High-Risk Surgical Patients. Arch Surg. 1994;129(11):1204–1210. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420350102014