This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
The first American medical text to describe and evaluate Wilhelm Roentgen's (1845-1923) momentous discovery was William Morton's (1846-1920) and Edwin Hammer's The X-Ray or Photography of the Invisible and Its Value in Surgery (1896). Morton was professor of diseases of the mind and nervous system and electrotherapeutics at the New York Post-Graduate Medical School and Hospital. Hammer, his collaborator, was an electrical engineer. With its only clinical chapter concerning x-rays and their use in surgical diseases, the work also contains 32 halftone photographic plates of radiographs. Appearing less than 1 year after Roentgen's original paper of 1895, it was not unexpected that the first and most appealing clinical use of x-rays was for the location of foreign bodies prior to their removal by a surgeon.
RUTKOW IM. MOMENTS IN SURGICAL HISTORY. Arch Surg. 1996;131(12):1348. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430240102017