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June 1997

Surgical Anatomy

Arch Surg. 1997;132(6):604. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430300046009

The superior vena cava ends in the right atrium at the third costal cartilage. The inferior vena cava pierces the diaphragm at the level of the xiphisternal joint, and after a course of half an inch, enters the right atrium at the level of the sixth costal cartilage.

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