June 1997


Arch Surg. 1997;132(6):684. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430300126028

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


The history of medical illustration has long been associated with artists of various renown. Beginning with Titian's pupil Joannes Stephanus of Calcar's woodcuts for Andreas Vesalius' (1514-1564) De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem (1543), an illustrator's ability to faithfully depict what the surgeon-author describes is a vital part of a book's educational intent. In 19th century America, some of the great surgical classics were illustrated by master artists. John Collins Warren's (1778-1856) Surgical Observations on Tumors (1837), the country's first treatise on surgical oncology, contained 16 hand-colored plates by the distinguished engraver David Claypoole Johnston (1799-1865), who later became known for his caricatures. In Alfred Post's (1806-1886) Observations on the Cure of Strabismus (1841), Nathaniel Currier (1813-1888) of later Currier and Ives fame, served as lithographer for all 7 plates including this "initial stages of an operation to cure strabismus." Currier provided similar artistic assistance to Augustus Sidney Doane (1808-1852)

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview