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April 1968

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation at University of Wisconsin

Author Affiliations

Madison, Wis
From the Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Benfield is now at Harbor General Hospital, Torrance, Calif, and the Department of Surgery, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles. Dr. Hickey is now at M. D. Anderson Hospital, Houston.

Arch Surg. 1968;96(4):664-670. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1968.01330220180027

CARDIOPULMONARY resuscitation in response to unexpected "cardiac arrest" is being increasingly practiced in community hospitals as well as in university teaching centers.1,2 Techniques of external cardiac massage have previously been well described.3-5 They have facilitated the initiation of resuscitative efforts by obviating the need for thoracotomy, making the number of people who may now be trained to undertake emergency resuscitation considerably greater than it was in earlier years when immediate thoracotomy was thought to be necessary for effective cardiac massage. There-fore, a resuscitation program involving all of the house staff and registered nurses was organized at the University of Wisconsin in 1965. Our purpose is to describe its development and to review the experience gained with it in the 18 months since its inception.

Materials and Methods 

Equipment.  —The mobile cart (Fig 1) was constructed in the workshops of the University of Wisconsin. It was designed so that

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 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Ad Hoc Committee on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. National Academy of Sciences, JAMA 198:372, 1966.Article
Kowenhoven, W.B.; Jude, J.R.; and Knickerbocker, G.C.:  Closed Chest Cardiac Massage , JAMA 173:1064, 1960.Article
Schrogie, J.J.:  Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Practice , Public Health Rep 81:128, 1966.Article