Tumors of the bronchus are quite rare in children. Recent reviews include 21 cases of bronchial adenoma1 and 16 cases of bronchogenic carcinoma2 which have occurred in children. Isolated cases of sarcoma of the bronchus3 have also been reported.
Because of the rarity of these tumors, it appears worthwhile to describe two patients with bronchial adenoma and another with bronchogenic carcinoma seen at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Case 1.—A 12½-year-old white girl was admitted with a history of cough and hemoptysis of two weeks' duration. She appeared to be in no distress, and the lungs were clear to auscultation. A chest roentgenogram showed a density adjacent to the aortic arch on the left side (Fig 1). At bronchoscopy, a mass was seen at the entrance of the left upper lobe bronchus. Biopsy of the mass was reported as "possible bronchial adenoma."At thoracotomy, the
deParedes CG, Pierce WS, Groff DB, Waldhausen JA. Bronchogenic Tumors in Children. Arch Surg. 1970;100(5):574-576. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1970.01340230040008