• A patient had a common carotid artery—jugular vein fistula created 30 years previously for the treatment of mental retardation. During the years following this procedure, massive facial venous engorgement developed, and she had a stroke. Operative closure of the fistula successfully alleviated the facial swelling and venous engorgement.
(Arch Surg 1982;117:1343-1345)
Lozman H, Nussbaum M, Yang W. Planned Carotid Artery—Jugular Vein Fistula30-Year Follow-up and Surgical Correction. Arch Surg. 1982;117(10):1343-1345. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1982.01380340061014