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May 1996

The Evolution of Endocrine Surgery as a Subspecialty of General SurgeryFragmentation or Enhancement?

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Endocrine Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Arch Surg. 1996;131(5):465-471. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430170011001

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


It IS DIFFICULT to adequately express to you how privileged and honored I feel to have served as your president during this past year. The Western Surgical Association has always been very special to me because of its membership, consisting of outstanding individuals from both the private and academic spheres; the warmth of its fellowship; its continuing contributions to American surgery; and its rich heritage. The most difficult task for any president is the selection of a topic and presentation of an address that might prove meaningful and of interest to the membership. As you have heard, I have been purported to know something about endocrine surgery, and it is the evolution of this field and its current status as a subspecialty that I will make the subject of my remarks today.

In 1891, when the Western Surgical Association held its first meeting, endocrine surgery as a defined entity was

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