In a retrospective case-note analysis, Cairns et al ascertain the best management options for patients presenting with gallbladder polyps. See the related Invited Critique by Koea.
No current diagnostic tools accurately assess the presence of chemotherapyassociated liver injuries (CALIs). Viganò et al performed a prospective evaluation of the accuracy of liver biopsy for the identification of CALIs. An invited commentary by Pawlik and Vauthey explores the future role of liver biopsy.
Scala and colleagues prospectively collected data from January 1998 to February 2010 to assess the outcomes of transanal endoscopic microsurgery in small (<3 cm), large (3-5 cm), and giant (>5 cm) lesions and compare these with reports of alternative techniques. Susan Gearhart comments on the findings in an invited critique.
To compare the costs of robotic thyroidectomy (RT) vs standard open thyroidectomy (ST), Broome and colleagues compared a retrospective cost analysis of ST with a projected cost analysis of RT using ST data from 2 high-volume endocrine surgeons at their institution vs published variables from high-volume RT surgeons.
In a prospective study of patients who were surgically treated for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC), Ribero and coauthors examine the outcomes of a hepatectomy for IHC and clarify the prognostic impact of a lymphadenectomy and a surgical margin.
Smith and coauthors examine the safety, clinical yield, and cost of computed tomography angiography use in the workup of potential renal transplant recipients. See the invited critique by Slakey.
To enhance the understanding of the impact of sexual abuse in pelvic floor disorder (PFD), Imhoff et al studied symptom severity, quality of life, and physiology measures in women with fecal incontinence or constipation.
In a retrospective review of a prospective database, Mogannam et al evaluate the effects of prior abdominal surgery and obesity and the level of spine exposure on the technical aspects and complications of anterior retroperitoneal exposure of the lumbar spine.
Gyorki and coauthors describe the surgical oncology experience at a major regional hospital in Malawi and identify barriers to improved outcomes.
Shouhed et al provide a review of human factors research within the context of surgery.