Kazaure and coauthors describe the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of surgical patients who experience cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
A do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order is considered a surrogate marker of terminal illness. Speicher et al identify the outcomes of patients with DNR orders undergoing emergency surgical management of bowel obstruction.
Olson and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional incentivized US mail-based survey to examine surgeons’ experiences of conflict with intensivists and nurses about goals of care for their postoperative patients.
Hayanga and coauthors examine the relationship between race and lung cancer mortality and the effect of residential segregation in the United States. See the invited critique by Chang.
To determine the prevalence of hypercoagulability in patients with Paget-Schroetter syndrome undergoing first rib resection and scalenectomy for subclavian vein thrombosis Likes and colleagues retrospectively reviewed the costs and clinical outcomes.
Komatsu and coworkers sought to determine the patterns and proximity of reflux events in patients with adult-onset asthma using hypopharyngeal multichannel intraluminal impedance and to assess outcomes of antireflux surgery in these patients.
Kurian et al reviewed transabdominal esophagocardiomyotomy (surgical treatment of achalasia) of the esophagus between 1976 and 2011 and compared outcomes of partial anterior vs partial posterior fundoplication. Outcomes assessed were recurrent or persistent postoperative dysphagia and an abnormal 24-hour pH test result.
To evaluate factors that are predictive of delayed abdominal closure in patients injured during military conflict, Riha and colleagues examined records of 71 patients managed with an open abdomen at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center from 2005 and 2006. Follow-up data were available from Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2006 to 2009, Kang and coauthors analyzed the risk factors for anastomotic leak after elective anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer.
Hadjibashi et al determine whether the diameters of treated abdominal aortic aneurysms have changed during the last 10 years.
Ramirez et al conduct a retrospective study evaluating the disparity in care in 47 000 injured children of diverse race/ethnicity.
Shouhed and colleagues conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective database to evaluate clinical outcomes in patients with cancer undergoing major abdominal surgery who received preoperative indwelling epidural catheters and no postoperative thromboprophylaxis.
Lee and colleagues conducted a retrospective chart review of 21 Native American patients and a matched patient control group who underwent outpatient, elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy from December 1, 2009, through December 1, 2010, to investigate pain assessment and analgesic administration postlaparoscopic cholecystectomy in Native American vs non–Native American patients.
Arango and coauthors explore the contemporary ethics of renowned anatomical works.