To evaluate the early experience with transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), Omer et al reviewed the records of all patients who underwent the procedure during the first year of their program. All patients received TAVR with the SAPIEN transcutaneous valve, and outcomes were assessed. See the Invited Commentary by Kelly and Mudy.
Hyder and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate patient-, surgeon-, and hospital-level factors associated with readmission. Mark Bloomston, MD, provided a related Article .
In a retrospective analysis, Fischer et al determine whether the administration of chemotherapy mitigates tumor growth after portal vein embolization that is performed before major hepatectomy for metastatic colorectal cancer.
Padwal et al test the importance of body mass index as a mortality predictor, identify other important mortality predictors, and construct a new parsimonious mortality prediction rule in a population eligible for bariatric surgery.
Loehrer et al evaluate the impact of Massachusetts health care reform on racial disparities in minimally invasive surgery.
Van Arendonk et al identify the age at which the risk of venous thromboembolism after trauma increases from the low rate seen in children toward the higher rate seen in adults. Participants included 402 329 patients 21 years or younger who were admitted following traumatic injury between 2008 and 2010. See the Invited Critique by Napolitano.
Jones and colleagues conducted a prospective, cohort study to evaluate the relationship of a history of falls (a geriatric syndrome) to postoperative outcomes in older adults undergoing major elective operations. Michael E. Zenilman, MD, provided a related Article .
Antoniou et al undertake a comprehensive review of the literature and conduct an analysis of the outcomes of carotid interventions in the elderly. See the Invited Commentary by Darling.
Zenoni and coauthors provide a retrospective review of all published studies in the English literature in which a minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The purpose of this article is to review the available literature regarding early postoperative outcomes and the technical challenges of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy, including robotic techniques.