Van Arendonk et al used data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to compare the outcomes and costs of elective surgery for diverticular disease with those of other diseases commonly requiring colectomy. See also the invited critique by Ludwig and Kosinski.
Charles and coworkers, analyzing American Medical Association Physician Masterfile data for the years 2001 to 2009, identify trends and characteristics of surgeon employment in the United States. See the invited critique by Napolitano.
Worni and colleagues assessed trends in the frequency of concomitant vascular reconstructions from 2000 through 2009 among patients undergoing pancreatectomy, as well as compared the short-term outcomes between patients undergoing pancreatic resection with and without vascular reconstruction. E. Christopher Ellison, MD, provides an invited critique.
In a retrospective, multicenter study, Goitein and coauthors describe the incidence of, the patterns of clinical presentation of, and the reasons for portomesenteric vein thrombosis among patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery. See invited critique by Magnuson.
Kastenberg and colleagues conducted a prospective cohort study at a universityaffiliated tertiary Veterans Affairs Medical Center to determine whether a period of intern home call would correlate with increased rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Karen Horvath, MD, provides an invited critique.
Pacelli and colleagues analyzed the role of multivisceral resection for locally advanced gastric cancer with particular attention to the brief and long-term results and to the prognostic value of clinical and pathologic factors. William G. Hawkins, MD, provides a related invited commentary.
Anecdotal reports have indicated increased alcohol abuse as well as altered alcohol metabolism in patients after they have undergone gastric bypass surgery for obesity. In this study, Östlund et al evaluated inpatient care for alcohol abuse before and after gastric bypass surgery compared with restrictive surgery (vertical banded gastroplasty and gastric banding).
In a systematic review, Jegatheeswaran and coauthors review current evidence for the liver-first approach to the management of patients with colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases. See the invited critique by Klein.