Munie et al assess the ultimate fate of the retained rectum in 108 patients who underwent subtotal colectomy for ulcerative colitis and suggest a more aggressive approach to early completion proctectomy. See Invited Critique by Longo.
Stain et al show that general surgery residency is a highly competitive, sex-neutral discipline in which academic performance is the most important factor for ranking.
To evaluate the effect of immunocompromised status in patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI), Keung et al performed a single-institution retrospective cohort study of treatment data between 1995 and 2011. The main outcome measure was NSTI–associated in-hospital mortality. See the Invited Critique by Harrington.
Drolet et al administered an electronic survey to surgical residents to assess the perceived effects of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hour regulations on patient care, resident education, and quality of life. See the invited commentary by Kirton.
Wood et al investigate quality of life and female sexual function in patients undergoing transvaginal cholecystectomy.
In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, Oxman and coauthors determine whether extended postoperative antibacterial prophylaxis for patients undergoing elective thoracic surgery with tube thoracostomy reduces the risk of infectious complications compared with preoperative prophylaxis only. See the invited critique by Sanchez.
Antiel et al measure the implications of the new Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education duty hour regulations for education, well-being, and burnout.
In a retrospective chart review of a prospectively created database of patients with cutaneous melanoma, Jones and coworkers analyze the predictors and patterns of recurrence of melanoma in patients with a negative sentinel lymph node biopsy result. See the invited critique by Wong.
Stewart et al use a nationwide household survey tool to provide an estimate of injury prevalence, mechanisms of traumatic injuries, and number of injury-related deaths in a low-income country. See the Invited Critique by Price.
Enochsson et al describe the process of initiating and organizing a nationwide validated web-based quality registry of gallstone surgery and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and present some clinical data and the impact the registry has had on the clinical treatment of gallstones.