Rangrass et al sought to determine the effects of hospital quality on racial disparities in mortality rates after coronary artery bypass graft. See the invited commentary by Higgins.
Wakeam et al assess the association between safety-net burden and failure to rescue and evaluate the effect of clinical resources on this relationship. A retrospective cohort of 46 519 patients who underwent high-risk inpatient surgery between 2007 and 2010 was assembled using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. See the Invited Commentary by Hiatt.
Tran Cao et al study trends in the use of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy and compare the short-term outcomes of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy with those of open distal pancreatectomy.
Balentine et al hypothesized that patients having colorectal surgery at high-volume hospitals would more likely be discharged to home rather than discharged to skilled rehabilitation facilities to complete recovery. The 2008 National Inpatient Sample data for all colorectal resections were used. See the Invited Commentary by Nakakura.
Gangi et al compare the outcomes of breast-conserving therapy for patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) with those of patients with non-TNBC subtypes, specifically luminal A, luminal B, and v-erb-b2 avian erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2 (ERBB2) enriched.
Warner et al tested the hypothesis that current and former smoking at the time of admission for inpatient surgery, compared with never smoking, are independently associated with higher incremental health care costs for the surgical episode and the first year after hospital discharge.
Agarwal and coauthors compare the breast cancer–specific survival rates of a contemporary cohort of female patients with early-stage invasive ductal carcinoma undergoing breast conservation therapy, mastectomy alone, or mastectomy with radiation.
In a systematic review and meta-analysis, Chang et al examine the effectiveness and risks of bariatric surgery.
Hall and colleagues identified live liver donors in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to determine generalizable estimates for postoperative complications following donor hepatectomy and to explore patient- and hospital-level factors associated with complications.
Regenbogen et al review and classify the primary data published since 2000 that are guiding decision making, technical considerations, and the outcomes of surgery for sigmoid diverticulitis.