Bakaeen et al review a recently launched pilot program aimed at enhancing patient enrollment and improving surgical trial operations at individual sites and nationally. See also the invited commentary by Machiedo.
Tapia et al test the hypothesis that residents lack a foundation in several nonclinical core competencies and develop a curriculum for integration into current didactic time. Proportions of resident responses are scored as positive (agree or strongly agree) or negative (disagree or strongly disagree) on 10 topics of a needs assessment survey.
Huang et al investigate the association between levels of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and the risk for tumor recurrence after curative surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with low levels of hepatitis B virus DNA.
Bulger et al establish the safety of AB103 in patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infections and evaluate the potential effects on clinically meaningful parameters related to the disease. See also the invited commentary by Sawyer.
Aboagye et al examine the disparities that may exist in colorectal cancer screening and treatment by comparing the distribution of providers of these services in rural and urban counties in the United States.
Alkhoury and Kyriakides evaluate the effect of intracranial pressure monitoring on survival in pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injuries.
Nicol et al formalize injury data collection at Groote Schuur Hospital, the chief academic hospital of the University of Cape Town, a level I trauma center, and one of the largest trauma referral hospitals in the world.
Jafari et al examine the surgical trends and outcomes of colorectal cancer treatment in the elderly.
Mavros et al conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the available evidence regarding treatment and prognosis in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
Schweizer et al determine the excess costs associated with total, deep, and superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) among surgical patients from 129 Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. The Veterans Health Administration Decision Support System and VA Surgical Quality Improvement Program databases were used to assess costs associated with SSIs among surgical patients in fiscal year 2010.
Hawley and colleagues determine factors associated with the use of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in a population-based sample of patients with breast cancer. Rosenberg and Partridge provide discussion in a related Invited Commentary.
Baucom et al determine whether dynamic abdominal sonography for hernia can be objectively used to characterize incisional hernias by measurement of mean surface area. See the Invited Commentary by Goldblatt.
Valentine et al determine the relationship among level of peer interaction, group and solo practice, and maintenance of certification examination performance.
Zhou et al compare patients who underwent retrograde pancreaticoduodenectomy with 15 of those operated on through a conventional approach.
Hicks et al describe the clinicopathologic and prognostic parameters of a series of 18 patients with histologically proven anorectal melanoma treated at their institution during a 21-year period.