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October 2016 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

August 1, 2014, Vol 149, No. 8, Pages 753-877

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):753. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.3494
Viewpoint

Health Policy UpdateRethinking Hospital Readmission as a Surgical Quality Measure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):757-758. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.163
Original Investigation

Evaluation of Hospital Readmissions in Surgical PatientsDo Administrative Data Tell the Real Story?

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):759-764. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.18

Sacks and coauthors examine the accuracy of administrative codes in determining the cause of hospital readmission. See also the invited commentary by Urbach.

Superiority of Frailty Over Age in Predicting Outcomes Among Geriatric Trauma PatientsA Prospective Analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):766-772. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.296

Joseph et al assessed the usefulness of the Frailty Index as an effective assessment tool in predicting adverse outcomes in geriatric trauma patients. They performed a 2-year cohort study at a level I trauma center at The University of Arizona, prospectively measuring frailty in all geriatric patients. See the Invited Commentary by Robinson and Finlayson.

Wrong-Side ThoracentesisLessons Learned From Root Cause Analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):774-779. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.146

Miller and coauthors examine reported wrong-side thoracenteses and determine the contributing factors associated with their occurrence.

Similar Postoperative Safety Between Primary and Revisional Gastric Bypass for Failed Gastric Banding

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):780-786. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.625

Thereaux et al assess the safety of revision procedures by comparing the 30-day outcomes of primary gastric bypass vs revisions following failed adjustable gastric banding. They performed a retrospective review using logistic regression models to compute odds ratios across preoperative body mass index quartiles. See the Invited Commentary by Gagner.

Racial Disparities in Adoption of Axillary Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy and Lymphedema Risk in Women With Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):788-796. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.23

Black et al determine racial differences in the use of sentinel lymph node biopsy among patients with pathologically node-negative breast cancer during the period when sentinel lymph node biopsy became the preferred method for axillary staging as well as whether such differences affect lymphedema risk. See the Invited Commentary by Murphy and Schulick.

Vein Graft Preservation Solutions, Patency, and Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft SurgeryFollow-up From the PREVENT IV Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):798-805. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.87

Harskamp et al evaluate the effect of vein graft preservation solutions on vein graft failure and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. See the Invited Commentary by Yuh.

A Review of the First 10 Years of Critical Care Aeromedical Transport During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring FreedomThe Importance of Evacuation Timing

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):807-813. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.621

Ingalls et al identify differences in mortality for soldiers undergoing early and rapid evacuation from the combat theater and evaluate the capabilities of the Critical Care Air Transport Team and Joint Theater Trauma Registry databases.

Extended Length of Stay After SurgeryComplications, Inefficient Practice, or Sick Patients?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):815-820. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.629

Krell and coauthors examine the influence of complications on the variance in hospitals’ extended length of stay rates.

Early Primary Care Provider Follow-up and Readmission After High-Risk Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):821-828. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.157

Brooke et al evaluate whether primary care provider follow-up is associated with lower 30-day readmission rates after high-risk (thoracic aortic aneurysm repair) and low-risk (ventral hernia repair) surgical procedures.

Effect of Insurance Expansion on Utilization of Inpatient Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):829-836. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.857

Ellimoottil et al estimate the differential effect of insurance expansion on discretionary vs nondiscretionary inpatient surgery rates, using health care reform in Massachusetts as a natural experimental condition.

Time to Appendectomy and Risk of Perforation in Acute Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):837-844. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.77

Mottey and colleagues evaluate whether there is an association between time and perforation after patients present to the hospital.

Diffusion of Surgical Innovations, Patient Safety, and Minimally Invasive Radical Prostatectomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):845-851. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.31

Parsons and colleagues conducted a cohort study of 401 325 patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to investigate associations of patient safety with the diffusion of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy resulting from the development of the da Vinci robot. Allaf and Partin provided a related Article .

Reoperation Rates for Laparoscopic vs Open Repair of Femoral Hernias in DenmarkA Nationwide Analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):853-857. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.177

Andresen et al investigate the reoperation rate after laparoscopic vs open femoral hernia repair, analyzing data from a Danish nationwide database.

Brief Report

Lessons From McCune-Albright Syndrome–Associated Intraductal Papillary Mucinous NeoplasmsGNAS-Activating Mutations in Pancreatic Carcinogenesis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):858-862. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.535

Parvanescu et al assess the prevalence of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and McCune-Albright syndrome among patients operated on for presumptive sporadic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Systematic screening of 272 patients revealed 1 patient with imaging and café au lait spots suggestive of McCune-Albright syndrome.

Invited Commentary

The Medicare Readmission Measure for Surgical HospitalizationsAwful or Just Not Very Good?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):765. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.50

How to Best Forecast Adverse Outcomes Following Geriatric TraumaAn Ageless Question?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):773. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.304

Conversion of Adjustable Gastric Banding to Roux-en-Y Gastric BypassNot as Optimal as Primary Gastric Bypass?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):786-787. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.634

Racial Disparities in Breast CancerMore Bad News

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):796-797. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.44

Searching for New Meaning in PREVENT IV?A Project of Ex-Vivo Vein Graft Engineering via Transfection IV Substudy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):805-806. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.106

The Military's Evolved En Route Care ParadigmContinuous, Transcontinental Intensive Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):814. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.620

Robotic Prostatectomy Diffusion Safety ConcernsReality or Just Illusion?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):852. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.41
Special Communication

Improving Safety and Quality of Care With Enhanced Teamwork Through Operating Room Briefings

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):863-868. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.172

Hicks et al describe the current state of OR briefings and debriefings as well as their experience as part of a comprehensive unit–based safety program.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Young Woman With Massive Splenomegaly

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):869-870. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.3209

Unpredictable Location of Central Catheter

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):871-872. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.3779
Research Letter

Changing Trends in Surgical ResearchAn Analysis of 30 Years of Collaborative Practices

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):873-874. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.97

Revisional Surgery After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding in a National Australian Cohort

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):874-875. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.93

Avoiding Immortal Time Bias in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Readmission Measure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):875-877. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.115
Comment & Response

Areas of Overlap

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):877. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.782
Announcement

New Editorial Board Members

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):862-864. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.803
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. 2014;149(8):755. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.3495
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