Sacks and coauthors examine the accuracy of administrative codes in determining the cause of hospital readmission. See also the invited commentary by Urbach.
Joseph et al assessed the usefulness of the Frailty Index as an effective assessment tool in predicting adverse outcomes in geriatric trauma patients. They performed a 2-year cohort study at a level I trauma center at The University of Arizona, prospectively measuring frailty in all geriatric patients. See the Invited Commentary by Robinson and Finlayson.
Miller and coauthors examine reported wrong-side thoracenteses and determine the contributing factors associated with their occurrence.
Thereaux et al assess the safety of revision procedures by comparing the 30-day outcomes of primary gastric bypass vs revisions following failed adjustable gastric banding. They performed a retrospective review using logistic regression models to compute odds ratios across preoperative body mass index quartiles. See the Invited Commentary by Gagner.
Black et al determine racial differences in the use of sentinel lymph node biopsy among patients with pathologically node-negative breast cancer during the period when sentinel lymph node biopsy became the preferred method for axillary staging as well as whether such differences affect lymphedema risk. See the Invited Commentary by Murphy and Schulick.
Harskamp et al evaluate the effect of vein graft preservation solutions on vein graft failure and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. See the Invited Commentary by Yuh.
Ingalls et al identify differences in mortality for soldiers undergoing early and rapid evacuation from the combat theater and evaluate the capabilities of the Critical Care Air Transport Team and Joint Theater Trauma Registry databases.
Krell and coauthors examine the influence of complications on the variance in hospitals’ extended length of stay rates.
Brooke et al evaluate whether primary care provider follow-up is associated with lower 30-day readmission rates after high-risk (thoracic aortic aneurysm repair) and low-risk (ventral hernia repair) surgical procedures.
Ellimoottil et al estimate the differential effect of insurance expansion on discretionary vs nondiscretionary inpatient surgery rates, using health care reform in Massachusetts as a natural experimental condition.
Mottey and colleagues evaluate whether there is an association between time and perforation after patients present to the hospital.
Parsons and colleagues conducted a cohort study of 401 325 patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to investigate associations of patient safety with the diffusion of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy resulting from the development of the da Vinci robot. Allaf and Partin provided a related Article .
Andresen et al investigate the reoperation rate after laparoscopic vs open femoral hernia repair, analyzing data from a Danish nationwide database.
Parvanescu et al assess the prevalence of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and McCune-Albright syndrome among patients operated on for presumptive sporadic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Systematic screening of 272 patients revealed 1 patient with imaging and café au lait spots suggestive of McCune-Albright syndrome.
Hicks et al describe the current state of OR briefings and debriefings as well as their experience as part of a comprehensive unit–based safety program.