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March 2017 - July 1920

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2016, Vol 151, No. 4, Pages 305-396

In This Issue of JAMA Surgery

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):305. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2910
Viewpoint

Contemporary Multidisciplinary Care—Who Is the Captain of the Ship, and Does It Matter?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):309-310. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4421

This Viewpoint argues for the importance of interdisciplinary care in surgery and medicine, and proposes ways to incentivize physicians to move beyond assertion of individual control of patient care.

Improving the Quality of Quality Improvement ReportingStandards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) 2.0 Guidelines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):311-312. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4719

This Viewpoint discusses Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) 2.0 and how they can be used for to plan and design a quality improvement intervention.

Editorial

A Year in Review

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):313. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0047
Original Investigation

Association of VA Surgeons

Analysis of Morbidity and Mortality Outcomes in Postoperative Clostridium difficile Infection in the Veterans Health Administration

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):314-322. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4263

This observational study analyzes and reports Clostridium difficile infection rates, risk factors, and associations with postoperative outcomes in surgery programs of the Veterans Health Administration.

Antibiotic Duration After Laparoscopic Appendectomy for Acute Complicated Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):323-329. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4236

This observational cohort study reports that lengthening of postoperative antibiotic treatment to 5 days was not associated with a reduction in infectious complications after laparoscopic appendectomy for acute complicated appendicitis.

Defining Rates and Risk Factors for Readmissions Following Emergency General Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):330-336. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4056

This study assesses the rates and risk factors for hospital readmissions following emergency general surgery.

Association of VA Surgeons

Associations of Socioeconomic Variables With Resection, Stage, and Survival in Patients With Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):338-345. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4239

This cohort study investigates the associations between socioeconomic variables and surgical resection in patients with early-stage pancreatic cancer.

Clinical Observations and Molecular Variables of Primary Vascular Leiomyosarcoma

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):347-354. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4205

This case series uses review of medical records to report on potential immunohistochemical prognostic molecular markers to determine their prognostic and therapeutic utility for patients with vascular leiomyosarcomas.

Nomogram for Preoperative Estimation of Microvascular Invasion Risk in Hepatitis B Virus–Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma Within the Milan Criteria

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):356-363. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4257

This cohort study uses data on patients who underwent liver resection for hepatitis B virus–related hepatocellular carcinoma to develop a nomogram for preoperative estimation of microvascular invasion.

Nomograms to Predict Recurrence-Free and Overall Survival After Curative Resection of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):365-373. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4516

Using a cohort of patients at 13 major US institutions, this study defines clinicopathological variables associated with recurrence-free and overall survival after adrenocortical carcinoma resection and proposes nomograms for individual risk prediction.

Invited Commentary

The High Stakes of Postoperative Clostridium difficile Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):322. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4254

Opportunities to Improve Care for Surgery Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):337. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4062

Outcome Disparities in Pancreatic CancerNeed for Improved Regionalization of Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):345-346. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4221

Finding the Common Thread in Rare Diseases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):355. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4215

Microvascular Invasion in Hepatitis B Virus–Related Hepatocellular CarcinomaAnother Step Toward Preoperative Evaluation?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):364. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4267

A Calculating Device to Predict Individualized Outcomes in Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):373. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4655

Balancing Innovation and Value of Biological Meshes in HerniaWho Is in Charge?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):381-382. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5236
Review

Biological Mesh Implants for Abdominal Hernia RepairUS Food and Drug Administration Approval Process and Systematic Review of Its Efficacy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):374-381. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5234

This review examines the published evidence on the use of biological mesh materials and the US Food and Drug Administration approval history for these devices.

Surgical Innovation

Transversus Abdominis Release as an Alternative Component Separation Technique for Ventral Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):383-384. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3611

This review describes the innovative use of transversus abdominis release as an alternative component separation technique for ventral hernia repair and addresses limitations of traditional reconstructive options.

JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Anterior Mediastinal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):385-386. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4432

An asymptomatic 47-year-old woman with a mediastinal mass complained of mild but worsening orthopnea that was exacerbated when she would lie down. What is your diagnosis?

A Woman With Right Hand and Leg Discoordination

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):387-388. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4727

A 45-year-old woman had intermittent episodes of right hand and leg discoordination and paresthesia of increasing frequency. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Addition of Statins to Treatment With β-Blockers to Improve Outcomes for Cardiac Surgery PatientsBeyond the Surgical Care Improvement Project

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):389-391. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4212

This study reports on whether treatment with β-blockers, statins, or both before cardiac surgery is associated with a reduction in the risk of adverse events after surgery.

Survey of the Deficits in Surgeons’ Knowledge of Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):391-393. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3601

This survey examines surgeons’ knowledge of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.

Defining the Need for Transitional Care From Pediatric to Adult Surgery for Young Adult Patients With Surgically Corrected Congenital Anomalies

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):393-394. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4417

This study seeks to quantify the need for transitional surgical care for pediatric patients with surgically corrected congenital anomalies in the coming decades.

Comment & Response

Well-being Programs for Physicians and the Role of the “Doctors' Mess”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):394-395. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4202

Perioperative AnemiaHow Low Can We Tolerate?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):395-396. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4424

Bariatric Surgery for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):396. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4641

Bariatric Surgery for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):396. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.4657
Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Surgery Peer Reviewers in 2015

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):e160170. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0170
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2016;151(4):307. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2911
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