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Year

Day

February 15, 2017
Original Investigation

Use of Unsolicited Patient Observations to Identify Surgeons With Increased Risk for Postoperative Complications

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5703

This cohort study uses data from the American College of Surgeons NSQIP and the Vanderbilt Patient Advocacy Reporting System to examine whether patients of surgeons with a history of higher numbers of unsolicited patient observations are at greater risk for postoperative complications than patients whose surgeons generate fewer such unsolicited patient observations.

Association Between Smoking Status, Preoperative Exhaled Carbon Monoxide Levels, and Postoperative Surgical Site Infection in Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5704

This case-control study evaluates if abstinence from smoking on the day of surgery is associated with a decreased frequency of surgical site infection in patients who smoke cigarettes.

Invited Commentary

Association of Unsolicited Patient Observations With the Quality of a Surgeon’s Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5705

Smoking and Postoperative Surgical Site InfectionWhere There’s Smoke, There’s Fire

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5706
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Incidentaloma in the Right Iliac Fossa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5552

A woman in her early 70s underwent laparoscopic right partial nephrectomy for oncocytoma. During workup, she was found to have an asymptomatic cystic lesion in right iliac fossa. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

The Risks and Benefits of Treating Isolated Calf Deep Vein ThrombosisTerms To Discuss With Your Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5560

The Risks and Benefits of Treating Isolated Calf Deep Vein Thrombosis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 15, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5563
February 8, 2017
Original Investigation

Pathologic Outcomes of Laparoscopic vs Open Mesorectal Excision for Rectal CancerA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5665

This systemic review and meta-analysis analyzes the evidence concerning the pathologic outcomes of laparoscopic vs open rectal resection for rectal cancer among patients enrolled in randomized clinical trials.

Invited Commentary

Which Surgical Approach Is Best for Management of Rectal Cancer?Does the End Point Tell How It Ends?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5659
Review

What Surgeons Need to Know About Gender Confirmation Surgery When Providing Care for Transgender IndividualsA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5549

This review provides an overview of best practices as set forth in the seventh edition of the Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health.

Research Letter

Association of Nativity Status With Quality of Breast Cancer Care for Hispanic Women and Non-Hispanic White Women in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5536

This study evaluates the effect of nativity status on clinical outcomes among Hispanic patients with breast cancer.

Comment & Response

Wearable Recording Devices for Surgical Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5657

Wearable Recording Devices for Surgical Training—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5658
February 1, 2017
Original Investigation

A Framework to Improve Surgeon Communication in High-Stakes Surgical DecisionsBest Case/Worst Case

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5674

This pre- and postintervention study evaluates the association of the Best Case/Worst Case framework with surgical communication when communicating to older patients about treament options in high-stakes surgical decisions.

Strategies for Building Peer Surgical Coaching Relationships

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5540

This qualitative research study examines the strategies and pitfalls that emerge during introductory meetings of peer surgical coaches and their coachees.

Invited Commentary

The Evolution of Informed Consent for Surgery Using the Best Case/Worst Case Framework

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5654
JAMA Surgery Clinical Challenge

Acute Calculous Cholecystitis With Intrahepatic Gallbladder Perforation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5544

A man in his 50s presented with right upper abdominal pain he had experienced for 20 days, with high-grade fever and chills since the first week. Ultrasonography of the abdomen revealed a large hypoechoic area in the right lobe of the liver along with gallstones. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Persistent Opioid Use After Major Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5655

Persistent Opioid Use After Major Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online February 1, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5656
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