Explore the latest in neuroscience, with a focus on the implications of findings in the basic sciences for the care of patients with CNS disease.
This cohort study applies exploratory factor analysis to the 81-item Vestibular Activities Avoidance Instrument to assess whether it can be shortened for practical clinical application to identify fear avoidance beliefs in individuals with dizziness.
This Special Communication offers the authors’ thoughts on new approaches to psychiatric research using animal models and other techniques.
This birth cohort study examines the association between prenatal acetaminophen exposure measured in meconium and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children aged 6 to 7 years, along with the potential for mediation by functional brain connectivity.
This genome-wide association study with mendelian randomization identifies genetic risk loci associated with tinnitus, determines genetic correlations, and infers relationships of tinnitus with hearing loss and neuropsychiatric disorders and traits.
This cohort study examines the characteristics of the horizontal and vertical semicircular canals and the change in endolymphatic hydrops volume during medical treatment, including treatment with diuretic therapy, among patients with Ménière disease over a 2-year period.
This narrative review discusses the neurobiology of methamphetamine use disorder and its potential to become the next substance use crisis.
This Viewpoint considers whether viral infection contributes to Alzheimer disease.
This Special Communication discusses the formation of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials (NeuroNEXT) and what NeuroNEXT has accomplished within the first 7 years.
This Viewpoint describes principles underlying early brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) designed to read electrical brain signals, analyze how brain activity patterns contribute to vocal tract movements, and reproduce the sound patterns as speech toward the goal of restoring paralyzed individuals’ natural rate of communication and quality of life.
This cross-sectional study of 9- and 10-year-old children examines whether body mass index is associated with cortical thickness and whether this association interacts with executive functioning.
This cohort study compares prefrontal cortex activation between surgeons demonstrating stable performance under temporal stress with those exhibiting stress-related performance decline.
This cohort study compares functional magnetic resonance imaging of the brains of neonates with a family history of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vs those of neonates with no family history of ASD.
This Arts and Medicine essay reviews The Darker the Night, the Brighter the Stars: A Neuropsychologist’s Odyssey, a book of essays, case studies, philosophy, history, and magical realism by Oxford-trained neuropsychologist Paul Broks that explores ideas about the brain, consciousness, and sense of self.
This case-control study investigates neural responsivity to food cues in patients with first-episode psychosis without the confounds of antipsychotic medication or illness chronicity.
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