Explore the latest in psychiatric nosology from The JAMA Network, including DSM taxonomy and classification, overlap phenotypes, shifting definitions, and more.
This Viewpoint discusses a neurocomputational model of bipolar disorder and makes predictions about how mood changes will escalate, resolve, and reverse in bipolar disorder.
This cross-sectional case-control positron emission tomographic study tests whether dopamine synthesis capacity is elevated in bipolar disorder with psychosis and how this compares with schizophrenia and matched controls.
This cross-sectional study examines the worldwide prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder using DSM-5 criteria in community-based populations of varying income levels.
This study designs a survey for use in screening individuals to identify attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder based on the DSM-5 criteria.
This Viewpoint argues that complicated grief criteria are better for diagnosing grief disorder than prolonged grief disorder criteria.
This Viewpoint presents the rationale for the use of an empirically driven continuous improvement model for the DSM and the mechanism being developed to implement it.
This Special Communication examines the degree to which modern operationalized diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia reflect the main clinical features of the disorder as described historically by diagnostic experts.
This survey study presents nationally representative findings on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity, disability, and treatment of DSM-5 drug use disorder diagnoses overall and by severity level.
This national epidemiologic survey finds that alcohol use disorder is highly prevalent, highly comorbid, and disabling, with an urgent need for education of the public and policy makers, destigmatization of the disorder, and encouragement of those with the disorder to seek treatment.
This prospective prevalence and instrument validation study finds a new screening instrument for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) effective in identifying patients with BDD who seek cosmetic surgery.
Kessler and colleagues estimated the proportions of 30-day DSM-IV mental disorders among nondeployed US Army personnel with first onsets prior to enlistment and the extent which role impairments associated with 30-day disorders differed depending on whether the disorders had pre- vs post-enlistment onsets. Friedman provided a related editorial.
Hatta et al examine whether ramelteon, a melatonin agonist, is effective for the prevention of delirium. See also the invited commentary by de Rooij et al.
Maenner and colleagues aimed to assess potential effects of the DSM-5 autism spectrum disorder (ASD) criteria on ASD prevalence estimation by retrospectively applying the new criteria to population-based surveillance data collected for previous ASD prevalence estimation.
Reichborn-Kjennerud et al determine the structure of genetic and environmental risk factors for the symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
Simon discusses the differential diagnosis, risk factors for and management of complicated grief based on available evidence and clinical observations.
Halfon and Kuo review the history and rationale for the proposed changes for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition, and consider how the proposed changes are likely to create new challenges for parents attempting to organize their children’s care and for pediatricians providing that care and assisting with care coordination.