Explore the latest in CNS infections, including emerging viral and opportunistic infections, prion diseases, and more.
This Viewpoint describes efforts to eradicate neurocysticercosis, a disease that causes nearly one-third of all epilepsy cases in low-income settings.
This systematic review evaluates the presentation of immune checkpoint inhibitor–induced encephalitis to identify features helpful in assessing outcomes.
This case report discusses progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy occurring with ocrelizumab monotherapy in a patient with progressive multiple sclerosis without prior immunomodulation.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of bacterial meningitis among febrile infants 29 to 60 days of age with a positive urinalysis result to evaluate whether lumbar puncture is routinely required.
This cohort study uses data from Danish national registries to examine the risk of psychiatric disease, the percentage of psychiatric hospital inpatient and outpatient contacts, and the receipt of prescribed psychiatric medications among patients with Lyme neuroborreliosis in Denmark.
This case report describes a man with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease that involved a rare type of tremor.
This cross-sectional study describes the current prion disease surveillance system in Washington state and reports the epidemiological and clinical results of surveillance activities from 2006 through 2017.
This case-control study examines the inflammatory CNS event outcome among patients with an autoimmune disease who were treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors.
This case report describes serous retinal detachments involving the macula of the right and left eyes.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of annual precipitation levels with annual rates of human Eastern equine encephalitis infection in Massachusetts.
This study uses a French multiple sclerosis cohort to examine the risk of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy before and after the release of nationwide risk-minimization recommendations among people with multiple sclerosis who used natalizumab.
A man presents with headache, double vision, and seizures for 1 month. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed 2 ring-enhancing brain lesions with thin-walled, contrast-enhancing rims and central liquefaction. What is your diagnosis?
This systematic review of 17 studies assesses risk of primary immunodeficiency in children presenting with invasive pneumococcal disease with no other predisposing condition.
A 16-year-old girl presented with progressive diffuse pain in the lower limbs associated with paresis and unstable gait following Chikungunya infection.
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