Explore the latest in CNS infections, including emerging viral and opportunistic infections, prion diseases, and more.
This study evaluates the extent to which the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition of acute flaccid myelitis incorporates possible alternative diagnoses.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy and safety of fludrocortisone in the treatment of cerebral salt wasting in patients with tuberculous meningitis.
A 63-year-old woman with atrial fibrillation and a history of atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect presents with right frontal lobe abscess with vasogenic edema. What would you do next?
This case-control study develops and evaluates a set of diagnostic criteria for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, an immune-mediated disorder affecting both eyes, using data from Chinese patients.
This case series of 7 participants assesses whether metagenomic next-generation sequencing of cerebrospinal fluid can be leveraged to aid in determining diagnoses among patients with subacute or chronic meningitis.
This case report describes a patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis treated with dimethyl fumarate who developed Listeria monocytogenes infection complicated by rhombencephalitis.
This case report highlights the diagnostic challenges and neuropathological findings in a fatal case of Powassan encephalitis caused by deer tick virus (lineage II) in a patient with follicular lymphoma receiving rituximab.
This case reports describes Pisa syndrome in a child with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.
This case report describes a synchronous cerebrospinal fluid fistulae through the oval and round window membranes in a patient with recurrent meningitis.
A 30-year-old woman with a remote history of Hemophilus influenzae type b meningitis causing quadraparesis was admitted to the hospital with Candida fungemia.
This cohort study estimates the accuracy of individual complete blood cell count parameters to identify febrile infants with invasive bacterial infections.
This cohort study evaluates the rates of acute Zika virus infection among patients hospitalized with Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis, or transverse myelitis.
A 14-year-old girl presents with fever, malaise, photophobia, phonophobia, headache, nausea, vomiting, and neck stiffness. What would you do next?
This cohort study assesses the role of the central nervous system as a potential reservoir for Ebola virus after initial clinical recovery in a population of patients who survived Ebola virus disease.
A 30-year-old man was referred with progressive quadriplegia that started from the right lower limb and gradually spread to the upper limb and contralateral side. Cerebrospinal fluid testing revealed pleocytosis, elevated protein concentration, and a decreased glucose level, and magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine revealed multiple intramedullary lesions. What is your diagnosis?
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