Explore the latest in cardiovascular disease risk factors from The JAMA Network, including diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, tobacco and smoking, and more.
This pragmatic cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of advice plus referral to smoking cessation services in individuals with varying levels and lengths of smoking.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of financial incentives on glucose monitoring adherence in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes.
This cohort study evaluates whether use of electronic cigarettes with higher nicotine concentrations is associated with subsequent increases in the frequency and intensity of combustible cigarette smoking and vaping among youths.
A woman in her 50s with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus, congestive heart failure, and diabetes presents to the emergency department with worsening abdominal pain and a 4-day history of progressively worsening abdominal pain and diarrhea. What is your diagnosis?
This study used a Markov decision model to determine the cost-effectiveness of a PCSK9 inhibitor and statin treatment strategy compared with a statin-alone strategy, using results of the FOURIER trial.
This cohort simulation model evaluates the use of tests and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in residents born outside the United States.
This cohort study of US women participating in the Nurses’ Health Study II prospectively evaluates the association of a history of gestational diabetes with incident cardiovascular risk.
This cohort study uses Medicaid claims data to assess the association between antidepressant use and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes among youths by antidepressant subclass and duration of use, cumulative dose, and average daily dose.
This case series study investigates whether the aqueous humor of retinoblastoma eyes has sufficient tumor-derived DNA to perform genetic analysis of the tumor, including DNA copy number alterations.
This cohort study determines whether mitochondrial DNA copy number, measured in an easy accessible tissue (buffy coat/circulating leukocytes), is associated with improved risk classification for cardiovascular disease and help guide initiation of statin therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
This cohort study tests the association between early-life antibiotic use and islet or celiac disease autoimmunity in genetically at-risk children prospectively followed up for type 1 diabetes or celiac disease.
This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the clinical effectiveness of coronary computed tomography angiography with that of functional stress testing for patients with suspected coronary artery disease.
This study uses data from the Premier Alliance database to assess factors associated with the use of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in smokers hospitalized for coronary heart disease.
This study examines clinician rationale for ordering monitoring lipid panels among patients on statin therapy and the association of treatment changes with testing.
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials investigates if more intensive compared with less intensive blood pressure control is associated with reduced mortality risk in persons with chronic kidney disease stages 3 to 5.
This study develops and validates a risk stratification tool to categorize risk of future hypoglycemia-related emergency department or hospital use in patients with type 2 diabetes.