Explore the latest in radiology, including recent advances in technologies and approaches to noninvasive structural and functional imaging.
A 55-year-old man with several weeks of malaise, a 6.8-kg weight loss, a CT scan with multifocal liver masses and elevated alkaline phosphatase, ALT, and AFP levels had a heterogeneously enhancing pancreatic-tail mass on triple-phase CT. What would you do next?
This case report describes a 79-year-old man with an enlargement of a pituitary mass with compression of the left optic nerve and chiasm.
This cohort study examines the prevalence of benign pathologic findings among adults after partial nephrectomy and potential risk factors associated with this prevelence.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2017 Fleischner Society guidelines on management of incidental pulmonary nodules detected on computed tomography (CT) imaging.
This case study investigates the association of regional in vivo retention of the tau positron emission tomography ligand [18F]flortaucipir with the density of tau neuropathology in the corresponding brain regions in a patient with early-onset Alzheimer disease caused by a PSEN1 mutation.
This cohort study assesses whether echocardiographic imaging of pediatric patients with Kawasaki diseaes 6 weeks after onset of illness adds value for patients whose earlier examinations showed no coronary artery abnormalities.
This cross-sectional, longitudinal study examines neuroimaging measures of emotion processing and regulation neural circuitries with symptoms of bipolar disorder in offspring of parents with bipolar disorder compared with offspring of parents with non–bipolar disroder psychopathologies and offspring of healthy parents.
This naturalistic functional magnetic resonance imaging study examines the association of age at onset and longitudinal course of prefrontal activity in youths with early-onset schizophrenia compared with age-matched healthy control individuals.
This medical record review described a unique pattern of spinal cord gadolinium enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas.
This Viewpoint addresses whether there is sufficient evidence to support routine use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging as an adjunctive test for men with elevated prostate-specific antigen level and considers the practical implications of its widespread implementation.
This diagnostic study uses computer-simulated imaging to evaluate digital breast tomosynthesis vs digital mammography for the detection of lesions.
This study evaluates the extent to which the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition of acute flaccid myelitis incorporates possible alternative diagnoses.
This case series study describes the frequency of findings of vertical hyperreflective lesions on optical coherence tomography in eyes with vitreoretinal lymphoma.
A woman in her 30s with a 1-year history of left ear fullness presented with left-sided hearing that improved temporarily with autoinsufflation. What is your diagnosis?
This narrative review discusses the limits of current cerebral cavernous malformation treatment and introduces findings from in vitro and in vivo studies that provide insight into cerebral cavernous malformation pathogenesis and indicate molecular mechanisms as potential therapeutic targets.
This cohort study compares the use of fetal magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in the identification of brain abnormalities associated with Zika virus.
This cohort study evaluates the association between image-based place-pitch mapping using flat-panel computed tomography with speech and pitch perception in individuals with cochlear implants.
A man in his 50s with a history of chronic hepatitis C, hypothyroidism, and alcoholism presented to the outpatient clinic complaining of nasal congestion and epistaxis; nonenhanced computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed a soft-tissue mass extending from the nasopharynx into the left sphenoid sinus with erosion of the sphenoid sinus floor and the clivus. What is your diagnosis?
This pilot study assesses the accuracy of predictions made in 2001 by expert clinicians and researchers on technologic innovations in therapy for Alzheimer disease and cardiovascular disease by 2021.
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