Explore the latest in respiratory failure and ventilation, including definitions and management of ARDS, noninvasive ventilation, and more.
This case-control study investigates the association of sleep-disordered breathing and sleep-related hypoxia with SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 outcomes.
This multicenter randomized clinical trial compares the effects of 12 mg/d vs 6 mg/d of dexamethasone in patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxemia.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the clinical practice guideline from the American Thoracic Society (ATS) regarding the home use of oxygen for adults with COPD and interstitial lung disease.
This cohort study examines the association of cancer type, recent cancer treatment, and other factors with the outcomes of individuals with COVID-19 with or without cancer.
This cross-sectional study of more than 385 000 children hospitalized with bronchiolitis investigates the association of the complexity of a patient’s condition, illness severity, and diagnostic coding practices with bronchiolitis hospitalization costs.
This Viewpoint explains why current recommendations for use of surfactant in infants born preterm who have respiratory distress syndrome are unclear and insufficient to guide clinical practice.
This quality improvement study evaluates the electricity costs associated with the use of oxygen concentrators for home oxygen therapy among Medicare beneficiaries in the US.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the 2 types of mechanical ventilation, noninvasive and invasive, and how they are used in the management of hospitalized patients.
This Medical News feature discusses with Vanderbilt University critical care specialist E. Wesley Ely, MD, MPH, the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on progress that had been made in intensive care units.
This cohort study examines the changes in the use of mechanical ventilation in preterm infants during the past decade.
This clinical trial assessed whether Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG compared with placebo reduces ventilator-associated pneumonia and other clinically important outcomes for a broad range of critically ill patients.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether lower tidal volume ventilation facilitated by extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, compared with standard care, will decrease mortality 90 days after randomization in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure.
This clinical trial compares the effectiveness of a low-normal Pao2 target vs a high-normal Pao2 target to reduce organ dysfunction in critically ill patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome.
This Viewpoint describes the dearth of noninvasive ventilation for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the US and proposes methods to increase access to this type of care.
This randomized clinical trial investigates whether using a new respiratory support system with low imposed work of breathing and short binasal prongs decreases delivery room intubations or death compared with a standard T-piece system with a face mask.
This comparative effectiveness study quantifies particle aerosolization and compares the effectiveness of 5 types of tracheostomy coverings to minimize the risk of particle exposure during tracheostomy surgery and care.
This prospective meta-analysis estimates the association between administration of IL-6 antagonists compared with usual care or placebo and 28-day all-cause mortality and other outcomes.
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