Explore the latest in anesthesiology, including airway and pain management, intensive and palliative care, regional anesthesia, and more.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of intraoperative ventilation with low vs conventional tidal volume (6 vs 10 mL/kg predicted body weight) on pulmonary complications in the first 7 postoperative days among patients undergoing major surgery lasting longer than 2 hours.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether ketamine dose and brain glutamate and glutamine (Glx) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level responses to ketamine are related to antidepressant benefit and adverse effects.
This cohort study examined the association of postoperative neurocognitive disorders with health care expenditures among US Medicare patients.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia decreases the occurrence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications after pancreatic surgery compared with perioperative thoracic epidural analgesia.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether the use of airway checklists is associated with improved outcomes in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation.
This Viewpoint proposes that universal respiratory precautions in the operating room—use of respirators with face masks and eye protection—could protect staff from possible coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection and facilitate resumption of elective surgeries canceled during the first wave of the pandemic.
This study uses an atomizer and fluorescent markers to simulate contamination of uncovered skin and hair of health care workers wearing personal protective equipment after intubating patient manikins under emergency conditions.
This meta-analysis assesses the psychopathological outcomes in healthy volunteers and patients with schizophrenia treated with ketamine and the experimental factors associated with these findings.
In this narrative medicine essay, an anesthesia resident describes his feelings of loss and unease when a coresident is admitted as a patient and dies of an overdose of fentanyl; this article emphasizes the importance of prioritizing physician wellness programs to help avoid burnout and substance use disorder.
This cohort study investigates whether procedural blood pressure parameters, including specific blood pressure thresholds, are associated with neurological outcomes after endovascular therapy.
This cohort study examines whether preoperative obstructive sleep apnea is associated with postoperative incident delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) and if preoperative positive airway pressure adherence modifies the association.
This cohort study evaluates whether the incorporation of a pain tolerability question augments the information gathered from a numeric rating scale.
This unblinded randomized trial compares the effect of a machine learning–derived system that uses arterial waveform information to predict cardiovascular decompensation vs standard monitoring by anesthesiologists on the depth and duration of intraoperative hypotension in patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgery.
This study characterizes practice characteristics and specialties of physicians and medical groups acquired by private equity firms between 2013 and 2016.
This randomized clinical trial assesses differences in posttraumatic stress disorder symptom intensity in active-duty service members treated with stellate ganglion blocks or a sham procedure.
This cross-sectional study analyzes Medicare Part B claims to assess the association of changes in hospital charge master markups over time with hospital characteristics.
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