Explore the latest in anesthesiology, including airway and pain management, intensive and palliative care, regional anesthesia, and more.
This study uses FDA documents to describe transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl (TIRF) prescribing patterns after the agency’s 2011 REMS intended to reduce the rate of TIRF-related adverse outcomes, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of postoperative intravenous acetaminophen vs placebo, combined with intravenous propofol vs dexmedetomidine, on postoperative in-hospital delirium among older patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
This quality improvement study examines how a new electronic health record affects a series of process, outcome, and balance measures for sedation weaning management in pediatric patients undergoing laryngotracheal reconstruction.
This pragmatic randomized trial compares the effects of EEG-guided anesthetic administration vs usual anesthetic care on incident postoperative delirium among older adults undergoing major surgery.
This Rational Clinical Examination systematic review characterizes the accuracy of clinical features and bedside tests for predicting difficult endotracheal intubation.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) vs volatile induction with maintenance anesthesia (VIMA) on the occurrence of emergence agitation among patients undergoing nasal surgery.
This Viewpoint describes emerging evidence that 2 different classes of anesthetics have dissimilar effects on cancer metastasis.
This population-based sibling-matched study assesses the association between surgical procedures that require anesthesia in children aged 5 to 6 years and child development in Ontario, Canada.
This randomized clinical trial investigates whether the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is increased when cricoid pressure is not performed.
This population-based, cross-sectional analysis using US birth certificate data examines variation in prevalence of neuraxial labor analgesia among US states.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between early physical therapy and subsequent opioid use among opioid-naive adults with a new diagnosis of musculoskeletal shoulder, neck, knee, or low back pain.
This cross-sectional study analyzes data from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry to determine the incidence of anomalous billing among anesthesia practitioners in the United States.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of lighter vs higher sedation levels during spinal anesthesia on incident delirium in patients who were undergoing hip fracture repair.
This Surgical Innovation assesses global implementation of a national surgical, obstetric, and anesthesia plan in low- and middle-income countries.
In this Viewpoint, 2018 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award winner John B. Glen discusses the discovery and development of propofol, one of the most widely used anesthetics for patient care.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effects of hand-holding vs stress ball use compared with usual care on anxiety in patients undergoing excisional removal of nonmelanoma skin cancer of the head or neck with local anesthesia.
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