Explore the latest in anesthesiology, including airway and pain management, intensive and palliative care, regional anesthesia, and more.
This cohort study assesses the association of post–dural puncture headache with postpartum intracranial subdural hematoma in women whose data were in the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality National Readmission Database.
This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of a vibratory anesthetic device during dermatologic surgery on patients who catastrophize pain as well as those who do not catastrophize pain.
This article describes innovations in explainable artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques.
This cohort study determines whether there are differences in the frequency, amount, and type of opioids dispensed after surgery among the United States, Canada, and Sweden.
This Viewpoint encourages the US surgical community to come to a consensus regarding surgical head attire in operating rooms.
This Viewpoint describes the origins of the opioid epidemic, including clinicians’ involvement in overprescribing opioid drugs, as well as some means to prevent future substance use disorder.
This cohort study examines the neurocognitive and neuroimaging outcomes associated with multiple use of general anesthesia in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
This randomized trial compares the effects of higher levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with alveolar recruitment maneuvers vs a lower level of PEEP on postoperative respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary infection, pleural effusion, atelectasis, pneumothorax, and other pulmonary complications in obese patients undergoing noncardiac, nonneurological surgery under general anesthesia.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of preoperative administration of albuterol vs placebo on the rates of perioperative respiratory adverse events in young children undergoing tonsillectomy.
This Viewpoint describes emerging evidence that 2 different classes of anesthetics have dissimilar effects on cancer metastasis.
This quality improvement study examines how a new electronic health record affects a series of process, outcome, and balance measures for sedation weaning management in pediatric patients undergoing laryngotracheal reconstruction.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines levels of postoperative pain to identify a factor that may be associated with the probability of pain cessation, opioid cessation, and recovery.
This study uses FDA documents to describe transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl (TIRF) prescribing patterns after the agency’s 2011 REMS intended to reduce the rate of TIRF-related adverse outcomes, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of postoperative intravenous acetaminophen vs placebo, combined with intravenous propofol vs dexmedetomidine, on postoperative in-hospital delirium among older patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
This Rational Clinical Examination systematic review characterizes the accuracy of clinical features and bedside tests for predicting difficult endotracheal intubation.
This pragmatic randomized trial compares the effects of EEG-guided anesthetic administration vs usual anesthetic care on incident postoperative delirium among older adults undergoing major surgery.
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