Explore the latest in hypertension, including the epidemiology, prevention, treatment, and long-term outcomes of high blood pressure.
This Rational Clinical Examination systematic review summarizes studies that examined the accuracy of current methods of blood pressure measurement, including home and office monitoring, compared with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring as the reference standard for diagnosing hypertension in patients not receiving treatment for hypertension.
This study uses NHANES data from US adults to determine trends in the prevalence of diabetes and control of risk factors between 1999-2000 and 2017-2018, including subgroups by age and race and ethnicity.
These randomized clinical trials compare the effects of smartphone app–delivered mini-sessions to treat depression vs enhanced usual care on depressive symptoms among patients with hypertension or diabetes in Brazil and Peru.
This 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement recommends screening for hypertension in adults 18 years or older with office blood pressure measurement and obtaining blood pressure measurements outside of the clinical setting for diagnostic confirmation before starting treatment (A recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for hypertension summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of hypertension screening and confirmatory blood pressure measurements in adults 18 years or older without known hypertension.
This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2021 recommendation that all adults aged 18 years or older be screened for high blood pressure (A statement).
This Viewpoint discusses the Million Hearts initiative, a national effort that aims to prevent a million myocardial infarctions and strokes over 5 years, and proposes actions and strategies federal agencies can take to advance tobacco control, sodium reduction, trans fat elimination, hypertension control, and centering the US health care system on primary care.
This case report describes the evaluation of a 52-year-old woman taking a thiazide diuretic with hypokalemia (potassium, 2.6 mEq/L) and hypertension (blood pressure, 159/94 mm Hg) and presents an algorithm for the diagnosis and management of underlying causes of low serum potassium levels.
This Viewpoint from the US Surgeon General’s office announces the 2020 release of the Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Control Hypertension and summarizes its key goals and recommendations aimed at making hypertension control a national public health priority and ensuring communities and patients have the resources to achieve it.
This randomized trial compares the effects of vitamin D, omega-3s, and a strength-training exercise program alone or in combination vs no supplementation and control exercise on changes in blood pressure, physical and cognitive function, nonvertebral fractures, and infections over 3 years among older adults.
This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the 2020 USPSTF recommendation statement on blood pressure screening in children, which concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the practice (I statement).
This systematic review to support the 2020 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for hypertension in children and adolescents summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents and on the effect of treating childhood hypertension on outcomes in adulthood.
This 2020 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for high blood pressure in children and adolescents (I statement).
This cluster randomized trial compares the effects of an online weight management program with vs without a health manager monitoring progress vs usual care on 12-month weight change among adults with overweight or obesity and a diagnosis of hypertension or type 2 diabetes.
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