Explore the latest in infectious diseases, including community-acquired and nosocomial disease, antibiotic use and stewardship, and more.
This cross-sectional study examines the types of costs and the occurrence of catastrophic costs associated with the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in India.
This decision analytical model assesses the coverage offered by 3 antibiotic regimens for empirical treatment of neonatal sepsis in 10 Asian countries.
A woman in her 80s presented with a growing, painful tumor on her buttock with epithelial hyperplasia, ulceration, focal multinucleated keratinocytes, and herpes simplex virus positivity. What is your diagnosis?
This randomized trial compares the effect of combining standard antibiotic therapy (intravenous vancomycin or daptomycin) with an antistaphylococcal β-lactam (intravenous flucloxacillin, cloxacillin, or cefazolin) vs standard therapy alone on a composite outcome of mortality, bacteremia, relapse, or treatment failure in adults with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia.
This Viewpoint discusses the concepts of transmissibility and severity as the critical factors that determine the extent of an epidemic, drawing on the previous pandemic of influenza A(H1N1) and epidemics of SARS and MERS to consider what the scope, morbidity, and mortality of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) epidemic might be.
This case series uses patient hospital data to summarize the clinical presentation and laboratory and imaging findings of 13 patients with confirmed 2019-nCoV infection admitted to hospitals in Beijing in January 2020.
This single-center case series describes the demographics, symptoms, laboratory and imaging findings, treatment, and clinical course of 138 patients hospitalized with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)–infected pneumonia (NCIP) in Wuhan, China, highlighting presumed human-to-human hospital-associated transmission in many cases.
This JAMA Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Thoracic Society (ATS)/Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) 2019 recommendations on diagnosis and treatment of adults with community-acquired pneumonia.
This case report describes 2 patients who had undergone rhinoplasty using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene-coated silicone implant and subsequently presented with postrhinoplasty infection.
This Medical Letter review summarizes evidence underlying American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America guideline recommendations on the use of corticosteroids as an adjunct to antimicrobials for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia
This Viewpoint summarizes recommendations made by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) experts to address the US health system’s preparedness for major threats, highlighting 5 principles to help regions prepare for specific threats as a prelude to partnerships that would facilitate more comprehensive national preparedness.
This survey study evaluates the change in infection prevention practices from 2005 to 2017 and the perception of the importance of infection prevention for health care–associated infections at US Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals.
This Viewpoint summarizes the epidemiology and clinical features of 2019-nCoV infection and reviews CDC criteria to guide evaluation and management of patients with possible infection.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices’ 2019 updated recommendations for human papillomavirus vaccination for adults.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of treatment with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine compared with intravenous hydrocortisone alone on duration of time alive and free of vasopressor use over 7 days in patients with septic shock.
This study characterizes the costs of recommended initial HIV antiretroviral therapy regimens in the United States from 2012 to 2018 and the magnitude of cost changes over time.
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