Explore the latest in infectious diseases, including community-acquired and nosocomial disease, antibiotic use and stewardship, and more.
This JAMA Patient Page describes cryptosporidiosis, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods.
This Teachable Moment encourages managing clinical uncertainty by using strategies that prioritize continuity of care, communication, and trust.
A 61-year-old woman who had immigrated from Micronesia 10 years ago had 1 month of sharp, progressive, intermittent, nonradiating right upper quadrant abdominal pain; she was febrile, had leukocytosis and elevated levels of liver panel analytes, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed numerous worms in the biliary trees. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
A 41-year-old man presented for evaluation of 2 weeks of blurred vision and pain in the left eye. What would you do next?
This cohort study uses data from state health care databases to determine the incidence and timing of infectious complications following cochlear implant surgery among patients in 5 US states between 2006 and 2016.
This study uses electronic health record (EHR) data to evaluate differences in central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates by how central line days are counted: once a day at a fixed time for all patients; a sampling-based approximation; or a validated electronic count.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of periorbital and orbital cellulitis.
This study is an extended follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of routine amoxicillin use for infants experiencing uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in Niger.
This Viewpoint presents arguments in favor of removing race from the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guideline on urinary tract infections in infants and young children with fever.
This cohort study examines whether environmental factors, such as residential proximity to livestock farms, are associated with the probability of toxigenic Clostridiodes difficile carriage in patients at the time of hospital admission.
A woman in her 30s was referred for corneal opacities. Her medical history was notable for keratoconjunctivitis sicca, Hashimoto thyroiditis, and anti–interferon-γ autoantibody syndrome. She had previously been diagnosed with Mycobacterium avium complex infection. On examination, she had no visual concerns. Her visual acuity was 20/20 OU. What is your diagnosis?
This systematic review and meta-analysis of 13 studies analyzes the incidence of Clostridium difficile infection and its associated hospital length of stay in the United States.
This cohort study examines the incidence, timing, risk factors, and outcomes of patients who develop mucosal barrier injury–laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) in the first 100 days after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).
This JAMA Patient Page describes the types of medications used to treat infections, with a focus on antibiotics and antibiotic resistance.
This Medical Letter review summarizes types and use of commercially available inactivated and activated trivalent and quadrivalent influenza vaccines, with recommendations for which to use in patients who are pregnant, allergic, or immunocompromised.
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