Explore the latest research about lifestyle behaviors from The JAMA Network, including evaluations of the effects of diet and physical activity on obesity and chronic illness.
This cohort study of US women participating in the Nurses’ Health Study II prospectively evaluates the association of a history of gestational diabetes with incident cardiovascular risk.
This Viewpoint argues that pediatric physicians must revisit their approach to screening adolescents and young adults for marijuana use and initiating conversations about its associated health consequences with patients and their parents.
This randomized clinical trial tests the effectiveness of a gamification intervention designed using insights from behavioral economics to enhance social incentives within families to increase physical activity.
This review provides an overview of data suggesting how different environmental factors may modulate the risk of developing inflammatory bowel diseases including diet, smoking, lifestyle choices, enteric infections, appendectomy, air pollution, and the use of medications, especially antibiotics.
This study uses data from the Premier Alliance database to assess factors associated with the use of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in smokers hospitalized for coronary heart disease.
This cluster-randomized trial compares the effectiveness of a group exercise program that focuses on the timing and coordination of movement with a seated strength, endurance, and flexibility program (usual care) on function, disability, and walking ability of older adults.
This Viewpoint notes that nutrition and health behavior change should become a core competency for all physicians and other health professionals working with patients at risk for nutrition-related chronic disease.
A man in his 50s with a history of smoking and chronic hypertension is admitted with sudden-onset upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, moderate epigastric tenderness with rebound and guarding but no history of previous surgery or trauma, and hemodynamic instability. What is your diagnosis?
This Teachable Moment highlights how the use of nil per os orders can lead to complications.
This Viewpoint argues against schools conducting unannounced active shooter drills and mock scenarios.
This cohort study examines the efficacy of a dietary approach to treating laryngopharyngeal reflux using alkaline water, a plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet, and standard reflux precautions compared with the traditional treatment approach using proton pump inhibition.
This animal model study examines the influence of a calorie-restricted diet and an obesity diet in mice exposed to long-term UV-B irradiation to assess if there is an association between diet and histopathological response to UV-B irradiation.
Commenting on the C recommendation of the USPSTF for the practice of behavioral counselling to promote healthful diet and physical activity for individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease, this Editorial suggests that societal or population-wide policies might be more effective than individual counselling efforts.
This cohort study assesses the performance of a lifestyle-based risk tool to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events over 25 years in adults before 55 years of age.