Explore the latest in neonatology, including advances in fetal surgery and in the care of preterm and extremely low-birth-weight infants.
A newborn twin girl was evaluated for a left-sided nasal mass causing nasal obstruction and difficulty breathing; physical examination showed a firm, pedunculated polypoid mass in the anterior nasal cavity at the vestibule with no fluid in the mass. What is your diagnosis?
This randomized clinical trial examines whether 6 months of daily docosahexaenoic acid supplementation during the second year of life improves developmental outcomes of children who were born preterm.
This population-based cohort study examines the risk of maternal mortality or severe morbidity, adverse fetal and infant outcomes, and spontaneous preterm delivery after short interpregnancy intervals in both younger and older Canadian women.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the safety and efficacy of bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination at birth or later points in infants who are preterm and/or had low birth weights compared with ones who are full term and/or had normal birth weights.
This article presents recommendations for supporting breastfeeding for women delivering in facilities that provide maternity and newborn services.
This cohort study compares the use of fetal magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in the identification of brain abnormalities associated with Zika virus.
This case series describes clinical and imaging findings in 24 infants born with congenital Zika syndrome who developed hydrocephalus.
This cohort study analyzes the frequency of treatment for retinopathy of prematurity in infants who were premature at birth and did not have retinopathy of prematurity prior to hospital discharge at near-term postmenstrual age.
This study evaluates the association of nurse shift-level workloads in the neonatal intensive care unit with missed nursing care using nurse-reported data.
This cohort study evaluates 15 years’ worth of hospital obstetric delivery records from national health databases in Ontario, Canada, to examine the association of severe maternal morbidity indicators with maternal mortality among women shortly after childbirth.
This cohort study uses birth certificate, mortality, and hospital discharge data to investigate whether race/ethnicity variables increase the risks of severe morbidities among very preterm newborns.
This Viewpoint reviews the evidence suggesting that the Affordable Care Act policy change requiring private health insurers to cover breast pumps for new mothers without cost sharing resulted in more mothers attempting breastfeeding, as well as breastfeeding for a longer period.
This Viewpoint examines the history of early transpyloric feeding in preterm infants and the need for a reevaluation of its implications in modern neonatal practice.
This cohort study seeks to determine the outcomes of pregnancy in women with transposition of the great arteries after an arterial switch operation, as well as outcomes of their offspring.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of myo-inositol vs placebo on type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among infants younger than 28 weeks’ gestational age.
This study assesses whether unplanned pregnancy is associated with spontaneous fetal loss in women with epilepsy.
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