Explore the latest in neurosurgery from The JAMA Network, including recent advances in surgical management of epilepsy, CNS tumors, spinal disorders, and more.
This randomized clinical trial determines the efficacy and safety of venous percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in patients with multiple sclerosis with chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.
This cohort study evaluates whether overlapping surgery is associated with worsened morbidity and mortality in a large series of neurosurgical cases.
This case report describes a woman in her 40s whose large lumbar disk herniation was spontaneously absorbed 8 months after initial presentation.
This cohort study examines the clinical imaging factors associated with unfavorable imaging profile evolution for thrombectomy in patients with ischemic stroke initially transferred to non–thrombectomy-capable stroke centers.
This study compares the prevalence of tinnitus among patients who underwent medial temporal lobe resection, matched controls, and individuals with self-reported epilepsy to determine whether medial temporal lobe removal is associated with tinnitus.
This randomized clinical trial compares focused ultrasound thalamotomy with sham treatment for relieving tremor in patients with medication-refractory, tremor-dominant Parkinson disease.
This study evaluates the relationship between bone mineral density and intracranial aneurysm.
This study presents a genetic locus for intracranial arachnoid cysts.
A 55-year-old man presented to the emergency department following an unwitnessed assault, sustaining multiple facial contusions and lacerations. The oculoplastic service was consulted for possible damage to the nasolacrimal system. What would you do next?
Three months after acute stroke, this randomized clinical trial compares rates of death and disability among adult patients receiving continuous or nocturnal low-dose oxygen supplementation or control intervention (oxygen only if clinically indicated.
This population epidemiology study uses Medicare administrative data to describe national trends in performance and outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting from 1999 to 2014 among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older.
This study examines the prevalence of intracranial aneurysm in women diagnosed with fibromuscular dysplasia.
This Viewpoint discusses selective use of partial tumor resection, in particular near total resection, over gross total resection when there is concern for imminent facial nerve compromise in the management of vestibular schwannomas.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2016 National Clinical Guideline Centre’s guideline on routine preoperative tests for elective surgery.