Explore the latest in pulmonary medicine from The JAMA Network, including recent guidelines and advances in management of asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and more.
This study describes temporal trends in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first-responder defibrillation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests stratified by home vs public location and their association with survival and neurological outcomes.
This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review on the efficacy of long-acting β-agonists (LABAs) combined with long-acting muscarinic antagonists vs LABAs combined with inhaled corticosteroids for patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This review identifies and highlights original research articles published in 2016 that are most relevant to understanding medical overuse or strategies to reduce it.
This randomized trial compares the effects of ventilator lung recruitment using PEEP titration vs a conventional low-PEEP strategy on 28-day mortality in patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
A 67-year-old man with granulomatous polyangiitis treated with prednisone and azathioprine has a positive galactomannan enzyme immunoassay and fungal cultures positive for Aspergillus fumigatus in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained for evaluation of dyspnea and a cavitary pulmonary nodule. How would you interpret the test results?
This population epidemiology study estimates county-level patterns in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States from 1980 through 2014.
This randomized clinical trial tests whether administration of inhaled nitric oxide to preterm infants requiring positive pressure respiratory support on postnatal days 5 to 14 improves the rate of survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
This cohort study tests the a priori hypothesis that gene expression profiles would complement clinical and histopathologic evaluations in identifying well-characterized diseases and in subdividing nonspecific orbital inflammation into clinically relevant groups.
This study assesses whether a implementation of a hospital-driven improvement collaborative is associated with a reduction in acute asthma health care utilization in a population of Medicaid-insured pediatric patients.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association between obstructive sleep apnea and quantitative markers of eyelid laxity or secondary ocular surface disease in a sleep clinic population.
This study uses linked data from Get With the Guidelines–Resuscitation and Medicare claims to assess the challenges of using administrative billing data to conduct research on 56678 patients with confirmed in-hospital cardiac arrest.
This cohort study measures ozone concentration to assess its association with cardiovascular disease risk in 89 healthy adults.
This analysis assesses the incidence of Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with autoimmune blistering diseases receiving no routine prophylaxis.
This cohort study examines whether resuscitation care and outcomes vary by the racial composition of the neighborhoods where out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur.