Explore the latest in pulmonary medicine, including recent guidelines and advances in management of asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and more.
This randomized trial compares the effectiveness of the combination of vasopressin and methylprednisolone vs placebo administered during in-hospital cardiac arrest on return of spontaneous circulation.
This cross-sectional study of more than 385 000 children hospitalized with bronchiolitis investigates the association of the complexity of a patient’s condition, illness severity, and diagnostic coding practices with bronchiolitis hospitalization costs.
This Viewpoint explains why current recommendations for use of surfactant in infants born preterm who have respiratory distress syndrome are unclear and insufficient to guide clinical practice.
This cohort study compares the risk of sudden cardiac death with respiratory fluoroquinolone vs amoxicillin-based antibiotic treatment in patients with hemodialysis-dependent kidney failure.
This quality improvement study evaluates the electricity costs associated with the use of oxygen concentrators for home oxygen therapy among Medicare beneficiaries in the US.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the causes of pulmonary nodules and discusses how they are clinically managed.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial assesses treatment failure risk factors in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who reached clinical stability after 3 days of β-lactam treatment.
This narrative review describes the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung disease associated with the use of antibody-drug conjugates in patients with various types of cancer, including breast, colorectal, gastric, and lung cancer among others.
This systematic review estimates organ system–specific frequency and evolution of postacute sequelae of COVID-19 infection.
This prognostic study evaluates the use of plasma D-dimer concentrations to rule out pulmonary embolism among patients hospitalized with COVID-19.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of an active strategy for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in addition to usual care on clinical outcomes, including nonfatal symptomatic venous thromboembolism, readmission for chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), or death within 90 days after randomization, among individuals hospitalized for an exacerbation of COPD.
This cohort study assesses whether the increased burden of obstructive sleep apnea is associated with white matter hyperintensity load and investigates the influence of additional metabolic, vascular, and lifestyle white matter hyperintensity risk factors on this association.
This cohort study examines serum ferritin levels as a potential biomarker associated with response to methylprednisolone among nonintubated patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia.
This cohort study tests the association of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea with elevated blood pressure and its orthostatic reactivity in adolescence.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of children who underwent adenotonsillectomy for nonsevere obstructive sleep apnea evaluates the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis after the operation.
This randomized clinical trial of patients with pulmonary oligometastases compares the safety profiles, defined by the rate of high-grade treatment-related adverse events, between single-fraction and multifraction stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy.
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