Explore the latest in pulmonary medicine, including recent guidelines and advances in management of asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and more.
This clinical trial compares the safety of a strategy that combines the YEARS rule with the pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria (PERC) rule and an age-adjusted D-dimer threshold vs a conventional diagnostic strategy for venous thromboembolism (VTE) among emergency department patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE).
This randomized trial assesses the effect of high-flow oxygen therapy through a nasal cannula vs conventional oxygen therapy on 28-day intubation rates and time to clinical recovery among patients with respiratory distress due to COVID-19.
This randomized clinical trial examines the long-term effects of a peer-led program on asthma control, quality of life, and asthma management in predominantly racial and ethnic minority adolescents living in urban areas.
This systematic review and meta-analysis uses the Healthy People 2020 social determinates of health framework to assess whether asthma interventions addressing social risks are associated with decreased asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among children.
This cross-sectional study assesses the pattern of antibiotics prescribing for sinusitis, bronchitis, and uncomplicated urinary tract infection before and after US Food and Drug Administration warnings.
This population-based cohort study examines the risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension among newborns in Denmark after antidepressant exposure in utero.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the associations of county-level health disparities with chronic lower respiratory disease hospitalization and mortality outcomes in New York state.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of convalescent plasma plus standard therapy vs standard care alone in preventing worsening respiratory failure or death in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.
A 46-year-old man with a history of travel to India had 3 months of upper back pain and 2 weeks of dry cough and subjective fevers that did not improve with empirical azithromycin. Chest CT showed a dense consolidation in the left lower lobe; MRI showed a paraspinal mass with extensive contrast enhancement in the lower thoracic vertebral bodies and relative sparing of the disks. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether administration of inhaled epoprostenol results in similar rates of severe primary graft dysfunction and other outcomes compared with inhaled nitric oxide in patients undergoing lung transplant.
This genetic association study assesses the co-occurrence of melanoma and/or mesothelioma with renal neoplasia, and germline associations with BAP1 and MITF p.E318K alterations in patients who underwent nephrectomy.
This cohort study investigates the association between long-term use of hypoglossal nerve stimulation for obstructive sleep apnea and improved patient-reported outcomes, particularly insomnia and depression indices, and compares these outcomes with those for positive airway pressure therapy.
This case-control study investigates the association of sleep-disordered breathing and sleep-related hypoxia with SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 outcomes.
This cross-sectional study examines racial and ethnic discrepancies between oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry and arterial blood gas and their associations with clinical outcomes.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the clinical practice guideline from the American Thoracic Society (ATS) regarding the home use of oxygen for adults with COPD and interstitial lung disease.
This randomized clinical trial compares the need for re-treatment of respiratory infection following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia among children receiving amoxicillin at high doses vs low doses and at 3-days vs 7-days duration.
This case report describes a woman in her 30s who underwent total thyroidectomy with modified radical neck dissection due to papillary thyroid cancer and was subsequently diagnosed with bilateral chylothorax secondary to cervical thoracic duct injury.
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