Explore the latest in pulmonary medicine, including recent guidelines and advances in management of asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and more.
This Viewpoint reviews options legally available to state Medicaid programs to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, including increasing coverage of the uninsured, expanding telehealth capabilities, removing financial barriers to testing and treatment, and easing limits on drug prescriptions.
This Viewpoint discusses the ways social media can be used as a critical tool in managing the COVID-19 outbreak, such as by directing users to trusted sources and counteracting misinformation, and how it can transform aspects of preparedness and response for the future.
This Viewpoint discusses the second surge of COVID-19 patients on postacute care facilities and offers suggestions on how the medical community and policy makers should prepare by ensuring adequate infrastructure, staff training, and protective equipment.
This study uses a Delphi consensus process to identify information to be included in an advance informed consent form for an early-enrollment, noninferiority clinical trial of treatments for hospital-acquired and/or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.
A woman from the Southeastern US with a history of smoking, poorly controlled diabetes, and inhalational medical marijuana use had 4 months of productive cough, weight loss, subjective fevers, 3 days of worsening chest pain, and a large right upper lobe cavitary mass on chest CT unresponsive to antibiotics. AFB smear and GeneXpert MTB/RIF testing were negative; she developed a right-sided tension pneumothorax after intubation for hypoxemia, and chest tube placement yielded charcoal-colored pleural fluid. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
This Viewpoint reviews progress to date on drug and vaccine development for COVID-19, antibody testing for demonstration of immunity and seroprevalence, and the continuing need for testing capacity to more precisely manage the public’s health as mitigation restrictions loosen during summer 2020.
This Viewpoint reviews the policies, challenges, and ethics of allowing visitors of women while laboring in a hospital from the perspective of the woman, the visitor, the hospital staff, the community, and the infant.
This case series describes autopsy findings in 10 patients with proven severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection who died at a university medical center in Germany.
This case series examines the implementation of surveillance for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 and describe symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 among residents and staff of an independent/assisted living community.
This study compares angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) gene expression, which has been associated with SARS-CoV-2 cell entry, in the nasal epithelium of children vs adults.
This study characterizes the prevalence of reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction results positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among patients presenting with influenzalike illness who underwent nasopharyngeal swab testing for influenza and respiratory syncytial virus over 4 days in March 2020.
This study uses data from the National Institutes of Infectious Diseases Japan to compare weekly influenza activity in the 2019/2020 vs the 2014-2019 seasons given mitigation strategies taken in 2020 to limit the spread of COVID-19.
This Viewpoint discusses the legal risks to health care workers and hospital systems from withdrawing or withholding ventilation from COVID-19 patients and cites a Maryland statute that offers legal immunity to clinicians making good faith decisions under emergency conditions as an example for other states to follow.
This cross-sectional study informs public health and clinical practice by describing differences in demographic characteristics, substance use behaviors, and clinical characteristics of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) among adolescents compared with adults.
This cohort study investigates the association of prenatal exposure to ambient air pollution with levels of circulating total histone and specific trimethylation marks in maternal cord blood.
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