Explore the latest in pulmonary medicine, including recent guidelines and advances in management of asthma, COPD, pneumonia, and more.
This case series describes the proportion of awake, nonintubated inpatients with COVID-19 and hypoxemic respiratory failure requiring oxygen supplementation whose Pao2 increased ≥20% with prone positioning, and their respiratory status after resuming supine positioning.
This study measured respiratory parameters of 15 non-ICU patients before, during, and after receiving noninvasive ventilation in the prone position.
This Viewpoint uses publicly available data to analyze the number of deaths from seasonal influenza deaths compared with deaths from coronavirus disease 2019.
This population-based cohort study examines associations of voriconazole and other antifungal medications with risk of keratinocyte carcinomas in recipients of lung transplants.
This Viewpoint describes the hardships faced by low-income children during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and suggests educational and policy reforms for the future.
This Viewpoint discusses the effectiveness of school closure as a preventive measure during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
This Medical News feature describes an international effort to compile data about ventilated patients with COVID-19.
This inception cohort study uses Medicare fee-for-service claims data to assess the association between initiation of pulmonary rehabilitation within 90 days of hospital discharge and 1-year survival among US patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 2014.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2020 Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines on the treatment of critically ill adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
This JAMA Insights Clinical Update discusses the need to better understand the dynamics of respiratory disease transmission by better characterizing transmission routes, the role of patient physiology in shaping them, and best approaches for source control in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak.
This study describes results of PCR and viral RNA testing for SARS-CoV-2 in bronchoalveolar fluid, sputum, feces, blood, and urine specimens from patients with COVID-19 infection in China to identify possible means of non-respiratory transmission.
This case report describes birth of an infant with elevated anti–SARS-CoV-2 IgM antibodies and cytokine levels to a mother with polymerase chain reaction–confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) despite no physical contact.
This study examines the feasibility of rapidly training and fit testing health care workers to use elastomeric half-mask respirators (EHMRs), widely used in construction and manufacturing, as an alternative to N95 respirators during periods of shortage.
This study describes results of IgM and IgG antibody testing from throat swabs of newborns born to mothers with COVID-19 pneumonia.
This Viewpoint from physicians with the Italian National Institute of Health confirms a higher case-fatality rate from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Italy compared with China and explains possible reasons, including age, cause of death definitions, and testing strategy.
This Viewpoint reviews the pathophysiological and observational basis for speculating that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) might worsen clinical outcomes for patients with COVID-19, and summarizes guidance from specialty societies to continue the drugs in patients who need them pending more definitive evidence of harm.
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