Explore the latest in substance use and addictive disorders, including topics in smoking cessation and treatment of opioid and alcohol use disorders.
This case-control cohort study compares the total number of opioid pain medications prescribed after gynecologic and abdominal surgery, the number of requests for opioid prescription refills, and postoperative pain scores and complications before and after implementation of an ultrarestrictive opioid prescription protocol.
This narrative review addresses the rewarding and analgesic effects of opioids, the epidemiology of the opioid crisis, and interventions used to treat and prevent opioid use disorder.
This cohort study characterizes the national population of cardiac surgery patients with opioid use disorder and compares outcomes with cardiac surgery patients without opioid use disorder.
This cohort study using the Optum Research Database examines whether opioid prescriptions provided by dental clinicians for pain management of third molar extractions to opioid-naive US adolescents and young adults was associated with subsequent opioid use and abuse.
This content analysis of 796 hip-hop music videos assesses the prevalence of electronic tobacco and marijuana products and brand placement in the most popular music videos from 2013 to 2017.
This study uses data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey to estimate associations between sleep duration and risk-taking behaviors among high school students in the United States.
This natural experiment tests whether exposure to high-performing schools is associated with reduced risky adolescent health behaviors among students applying to public charter high schools via the lottery system in the Los Angeles, California, area.
This crossover study evaluates the acute effects of smoked vs vaporized cannabis use, at multiple Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) doses, among healthy adults who infrequently use cannabis.
This Medical News & Perspectives article discusses recently enacted state laws that allow prescribed opioids to be substituted with medical marijuana.
This Viewpoint expresses concerns about the workforce available to care for patients with opioid use disorders and advises that psychiatrists become trained in the administration of buprenorphine and acquire other skills.
This case series study compares outcomes for persons in Canada who inject drugs with a first episode of infective endocarditis treated surgically vs those not treated surgically and examines factors associated with mortality.
This study examines self-reported data from the 2013 and 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in Washington State to quantify the association between presence of an adult reporting alcohol misuse and children’s living in a home with an unsafely stored firearm.
This Viewpoint discusses the US Food and Drug Administration’s approval of Epidiolex, the first cannabis-derived treatment, for 2 epilepsy syndromes and discusses wider implications.
This cross-sectional content analysis assesses adherence of social media content of recreational marijuana companies in the state of Washington to Washington Administrative Code regulations.
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