Explore the latest in surgery, including education and training, surgical quality and safety, minimally invasive techniques, global surgery, and more.
This population-based cohort study evaluates whether ankle-brachial indices identified through electronic health records among community-dwelling patients with peripheral artery disease are associated with limb revascularization or amputation.
This case-control cohort study compares the total number of opioid pain medications prescribed after gynecologic and abdominal surgery, the number of requests for opioid prescription refills, and postoperative pain scores and complications before and after implementation of an ultrarestrictive opioid prescription protocol.
This Viewpoint reviews the benefits and risks of risk-reducing mastectomy in otherwise healthy women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations to inform discussions about the proceeding with or foregoing the procedure, and it calls for continued research to understand how to better individualize risk and prevent disease nonsurgically.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines the association of modern chemoradiotherapy with survival among patients with stage I to II small cell lung cancer compared with that among patients with stage III small cell lung cancer.
This case series describes the clinicopathologic features of and identifies factors associated with aggressive squamous cell carcinoma in solid organ transplant recipients.
This study conveys data on the prevalence of advanced care planning documentation in elderly individuals undergoing high-risk surgery.
This cohort study characterizes the national population of cardiac surgery patients with opioid use disorder and compares outcomes with cardiac surgery patients without opioid use disorder.
This cohort study examines the prevalence of benign pathologic findings among adults after partial nephrectomy and potential risk factors associated with this prevelence.
This systematic review assesses studies of exogenous hormone use in patients of all gender identities to determine the safety of stopping or continuing these regimens in transgender patients in the perioperative period.
This national cohort study assesses the quality of hospital outcomes by determining the correlation between mortality after surgical aortic valve replacement procedures and mortality at 30 days and 1 year after transcathether aortic valve replacement procedures.
This systematic review analyzes available data on structural valve deterioration of surgical bioprosthetic aortic valves by examining the published literature as well as data reported to the US Food and Drug Administration.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of prophylactic hypothermia targeted to a core temperature of 33°C-35°C vs usual normothermic emergency care on neurologic outcomes or independent living of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
This cohort study examines the association of seizure spread with seizure recurrence after surgery in patients who underwent medial temporal resections for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy.
This cohort study describes the efficacy and safety of internal globus pallidus deep brain stimulation in Filipino patients with severe X-linked dystonia parkinsonism and predominant dystonia.
This population-based analysis uses data from a US nationwide insurance claims database to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with keratinocyte carcinoma within 1 year following the date of diagnosis and compares rates of venous thromboembolism among patients with or without cancer.
This study defines contemporary trends in use of metabolic and bariatric surgery among US children and adolescents with severe obesity.
This cross-sectional, time-series analysis examines the prevalence of open and endovascular elective and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs by age and sex from 2003 to 2016 in Ontario, Canada.
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